湖北襄阳网上炒股

如何写好人物通讯稿?
2011-06-17 09:53:37   来源:网摘   评论:0 点击:

新闻训练班让我给大家谈一谈关于人物通讯的写作。这个题目我可能谈不好。但是,作为新闻战线上的同行,我可以把自己的一些体会讲讲,和大家共同研究。 第一个问题:谈谈一般认识 我们的新闻载体、广播、电视、报纸包括各自办的简报都是

    XINWENXUNLIANBANRANGWOJIDAJIATANYITANGUANYURENWUTONGXUNDEXIEZUO。ZHEIGETIMUWOKENENGTANBUHAO。DANSHI,ZUOWEIXINWENZHANXIANSHANGDETONGXING,WOKEYIBAZIJIDEYIXIETIHUIJIANGJIANG,HEDAJIAGONGTONGYANJIU。

    DIYIGEWENTI:TANTANYIBANRENSHI

    WOMENDEXINWENZAITI、GUANGBO、DIANSHI、BAOZHIBAOKUOGEZIBANDEJIANBAODOUSHIYIZHONGDAZHONGXINXICHUANBOMEITI,SHIYIZHONGXINXIXUANCHUANZAITI,SHIWEIYIDINGDESHEHUIHEXUANCHUANDUIXIANGFUWUDE。XINWENZAITISHANGDEYIQIEXINGSHI,RUXINWEN、TONGXUN、PINGLUN、DIAOCHABAOGAODENGDENG,DOUSHIYIZHONGGONGJU。JIUXIANGGUSHISUOSHUODE“SHIBABANWUYI”,TAMENDOUSHIWEITAMENSUOMIANDUIDEDUIXIANGFUWUDE。YUANDEBUSHUO,JIUSHUOZANKUANGSHANGDEDIANSHI、KUANGWUJUDEKUANGGONGBAODOUSHIWEIKUANGHEKUANGWUJUDESHENGCHANJINGYINGERFUWUDE。

    XINWEN、TONGXUNDOUSHIBAOZHISHANGDEYIZHONGXINGSHI,WOMENZHIDAO,NEIRONGJUEDINGXINGSHI,XINGSHISHIWEILEBIAODANEIRONG。YEJIUSHISHUOYOUSHENMEYANGDETICAI,JUEDINGXIESHENMEYANGDEXINGSHIHENEIRONG,ERNEIRONGSHIWEIWENZHANGDEZHONGXINSIXIANGERFUWUDE,XINGSHIYEBUSHIYICHENGBUBIANDE,SUIZHEJINGJISHEHUIDEFAZHAN,XIEZUOXINGSHIYEBUDUANZAITUIXINHEFAZHAN,DUOYANGHUA。BAOZHIZUICHUCHUXIANDESHIHOU,ZHIYOUXINWEN(XIAOXI),SUIZHESHENGCHANLIDEFAZHAN,SHEHUIDEFAZHAN,SHOUZHONGDEXUYAO,HOULAICAICHANSHENGLETONGXUN,PINGLUN,DIAOCHABAOGAODENGDENGGEZHONGXINGSHI。BAOZHISHANGWENZHANGDEXINGSHI,JINHOUHAIYAOSUIZHESHEHUIDEFAZHANERGENGJIAFENGFUDUOCAI。

    WOMENTANXINGSHIWENTISHIWEILEGENGHAODIZONGJIEJINGYAN,ZAIZHEIGEJICHUSHANGGAIZAOJIUDEXINGSHI,CHUANGZAOXINXINGSHI。JUEBUSHIZHAOCHAOYICHENGBUBIANDEJIUXINGSHI。XINGSHIHENEIRONGSHIBIANZHENGTONGYIDE。WOMENSHUOXIEZUOXINGSHIWENTIDOUBUYAOLIKAINEIRONG。MAOZEDONGTONGZHICENGJINGSHUOGUO:“WOMENDEYAOQIUSHIZHENGZHIHEYISHUDETONGYI,NEIRONGHEXINGSHIDETONGYI,GEMINGDEZHENGZHINEIRONGHEJINKENENGWANMEIDEYISHUXINGSHIDETONGYI”。ZHEIDUANHUAJINGUANSHOUDANGSHIDAQIHOUDEYINGXIANG,YOUTADEJUXIANXING,XIANZAIHESHICHANGJINGJIZHEIGEDABEIJINGXIANGBIJIAO,YOUDIANTAIDANDIAO。DANSHI,BUGUANXIESHENMEWENZHANG,SHOUXIANYINGZAIZHUTINEIRONGSHANGXIAGONGFU。MEIYOUHAODEZHUTISIXIANG,XINGSHIZAIHAO、ZAIWANMEIYESHIMEIYOUYONGDE。DANSHI,LINGYIFANGMIAN,WOMENZAIXIEZUOGUOCHENGZHONGYEYAOZHONGSHIXINGSHI。WEILEZHUNQUE、XIANMING、SHENGDONGDIBIAODANISUOYAOBIAODADEZHUTISIXIANG,BIXUYANJIUXIEZUODEXINGSHIHEJIQIAO。NIMIANDUIDEYIDADUISUCAIDAODISHIYISHENMEYANGDEXINGSHIXIECHULAI,CAINENGJIANBAO,DADAOMUDE,TIGAOXUANCHUANXIAOGUO,ZHEIJIUXUYAOWOMENZAIXIEZUOSHIJIZHONGYANJIUHEYAOZHANGWODEJIBENGONG。BIRU:TONGCHUANKUANGWUJUDEWANGSHIAOKUANG,WOMEINIANDOUZAIZHEIGEKUANGXIEGAOJIAN10PIANYISHANG,WEISHENMENENGXIEZHEIMEDUODEWENZHANGNI?YUANYUTASHIGUOJIA“YIWU”QIJIANDE156GEZHONGDIANGONGCHENG,WEIWOGUODEGONGYEHUAZAIQIBUJIEDUAN,ZUOCHUGUOZHUOYUEDEGONGXIAN,WEIRAOZHEIYIDIANNIYOUXIEBUWANDEXINWEN。ZHEIJIUSHIXINGSHIHENEIRONGDEXIANGTONGYI,ZUIHOUDADAOSHUANGYING。

    DIERGEWENTI:GUANYUTONGXUN

    TONGXUNSHIMEITISHANGDEZHUYAOXINGSHIZHIYI。XIANZAIDAJIAJIANDAODEHEKANDAODE、ZUIDALIANGDESHIXINWEN(XIAOXI)HETONGXUN。SHENMESHITONGXUNNI?YOUGEZHONGJIESHI。WOMENBUYIDINGZAIDINGYISHANGZUANNIUJIAOJIAN。ZHIDAOZHEIGEJIBENYISIJIUXINGLE。TONGXUNDETEDIANSHIKEYIYONGXUSHU、MIAOXIE、FENXI、YILUN、SHUQINGDENGDUOZHONGFANGFAXIANGXIHEWANZHENGDIBAODAOXINWEN,BAODAOXINJINFASHENGDESHIQING。RUSHANXITONGCHUANCHENJIASHANKUANGNAN,WOMENCAIXIEDETONGXUN《KUANGNAN,ZAIQINGCHENFASHENG》,JIUSHIZAIZUIKUAIDEXIAOXIDEFABIAOZHIHOU,YOUTONGXUNDESHOUFA,XIANGXIDEXUSHULEKUANGNANFASHENGDEQUANGUOCHENG,YIJIZHONGYANGDEGUANHUAIHEDANGSHIDEQIANGXIANJINZHANQINGKUANG。YIXIANGGONGZUODEWANCHENG,XINHUASHEFABIAODE(HUANGLINGKUANGYEGONGSIYIHAOMEIKUANGJIANCHENGTOUCHAN),YIGEWENTIDEJIEJUE,RENMINRIBAOKANDENGDE(WANGSHIAOMEIKUANGSANNIANJIEKUN),YIGEZHENGCEGUANCHEDEGUOCHENG,XINHUASHEFABIAODE(HUANGLINGKUANGQUJIANSHEJUBUWEIJIAN),KEYIJIESHAOXIANJINJINGYAN。MEITANBAOKANDENGDE(CHONGCHUKUNJING—TONGCHUANWANGSHIAOKUANGTUOPINJISHI)。TONGXUNHAIYOUYIGEZHUYAORENWU,JIUSHITONGGUOXUSHU、MIAOXIE、FENXI、YILUN、SHUQINGDENGFANGFA,XUANYANGGEZHONGJUYOUXIANJINSIXIANG、GAOSHANGPINZHIDEXIANJINMOFANRENWU,WEIGAIGEFAZHANSHULIXUEXIDEBANGYANG。TONGXUNHEXINWENYOUQUBIE,YEYOUXIANGTONGDEDIFANG。TAMENMUDESHIXIANGTONGDE,DOUSHIWEIGUANCHEDENGXIAOPINGLILUN、“SANGEDAI”ZHONGYAOSIXIANGHELUOSHIKEXUEDEFAZHANGUAN;WEISHEHUIFAZHANHEJINGJIJIANSHEFUWUDE。ZAINEIRONGSHANGYAOYOUPUBIANDEJIAOYUYIYI。JIUSHIYAOZHUAZHUXIANSHISHENGHUOZHONGRENMENZUIGUANXINZUIPOQIEXIWANGDEDAOHUIDADEWENTI;XUNSUJISHIPEIHEXINGSHI,JINMIJIEHEZHONGXINGONGZUO。TEBIESHIBAOZHISHANGDETONGXUN,BIXUYAOYOUHENQIANGDESHIXIAOXING,YAOJINMIPEIHEDANGQIANXINGSHI,JIEHEZHONGXINGONGZUO,XIECHUGUANDIAN,BAODAOFAZHANTAISHI。LINGWAI,SHEJIDERENWUBIXUSHIZHENRENZHENSHI,BUYUNXUXUGOU。ZAIYISHANGZHEIXIEFANGMIAN,TONGXUNHEXINWENSHIXIANGTONGDE,MEIYOUSHENMEQUBIE。DANTAMENYEYOUBUTONGDEDIFANG。ZAIDUIYUYIGESHIWUDEGUOCHENGHEQUANMAODEFANYINGSHANG,TONGXUNBIXINWENYAOQIUDEGENGXIANGJINYIXIE,WANZHENGYIXIE。YINWEITONGXUNZAIXIEZUOFANGFASHANGBIJIAOZIYOU,BIJIAOLINGHUO、DUOYANG,SUOYIZAIJIELUSHIWUMAODUNDEGUANGDUHESHENDUSHANG,TONGXUNYOUTADEZHANGCHU,SUOYIWANGWANGBIXINWENYAOYOUYUEYIDIAN。ZAIYIDINGYIYISHANG,KEYISHUOTONGXUNSHIXINWENDEFAZHANHEBUCHONG。XINWENYONGZUIKUAIDESUDU、ZUIJIANDUANDEWENZIGAOSURENMENZHEILIFASHENGYIJIANSHENMESHI,ERTONGXUNZEYAOQIUJUTIGAOSURENMENZHEIJIANSHISHIZENMEFASHENGDE,TADEGUOCHENG,TADEYIYISHISHENME。BIRUWOZAIZHONGGUOMEITANBAOYIQIANFABIAODE《TONGCHUANKUANGWUJUZUOQIANGZUODAMEITANCHANYEDEZHUDAODIWEIBUNENGBIAN---FANGTONGCHUANKUANGWUJUJUZHANGANJISHUAN》。TAYOUTONGXUNDEFANGWENXINGSHI,HUIDALETONGCHUANKUANGWUJU21WANYUANGONGHEJIASHUJIXUYAOZHIDAOTONGCHUANKUANGWUJUSHIBUSHIXIANGWAIJIESHUODENEIYANG,ZIYUANKUJIE,MEIYOUFAZHANKONGJIAN,XIANGHECHUQUDEDAJIAZUIGUANXINDEREDIANWENTI。

    TONGXUNSHIZHUBUFAZHANQILAIDE,XINGSHIDUOZHONGDUOYANG。TONGCHANGJIANDEYOUZHEIMEJIZHONG:YISHIGONGZUOTONGXUN,ZAIBAOZHISHANGSHIDALIANGDE。ZHEIZHONGTONGXUNSHITONGGUODUIMOUYIGEDANWEISHIJIDEBAODAO,TONGGUODUIMOUYIGEGONGZUOJINCHENGDEBAODAOLAIXUANYANGYIZHONGSIXIANG、YIZHONGZUOFENG、JIESHAOYIZHONGGONGZUOJINGYANDE。GUMINGSIYI,GONGZUOTONGXUN,JIUSHIYONGLAIZHIDAOGONGZUODE。WOCAIXIEDE“CHONGCHUKUNJING—TONGCHUANWANGSHIAOKUANGTUOPINJISHI”,JIUSHIYAOBAZHEIGEKUANGCONGSHENMEDIFANGRUSHOUCHONGCHUKUNJING,BAODAOCHULAI,WEIMEITANXITONGJIEKUNTUOPINSHULIYIGEBANGYANG,LAITUIDONGZHENGGEMEITANSHIYEDEFAZHAN。

    DIERZHONGSHIRENWUTONGXUN。RENWUTONGXUNYOUDEYEJIAORENWUTEXIE,ZHUYAOSHIXIERENDE,YIXIERENDEJINGSHENMIANMAO、SIXIANGGANQINGWEINEIRONGDE,SHIYIXUANYANGRENWUDEGAOGUIPINZHIWEIRENWUDE。WOMENZAOJIUYIDAPIGAIGECHUANGXINDEYINGXIONGMOFANRENWU。XIANGXINSHIQIDEGUOXIUMING、RENZHANGXIA、MEITANXITONGDEMIEHUOZHUANJIAXUJINGCAI,50-60NIANDAIDELEIFENG、JIAOYULU、QIUSHAOYUN、LUOSHENGJIAODENG,DOUSHUYUZHEIYILEI。TONGGUOXUANYANGZHEIYANGDEXIANJINRENWU,WEIXINGYEJIQUANGUOSHULILEBANGYANG。

    DISANZHONG,ZHENGZHISHENGHUOTONGXUN。YONGLAIFANYINGGUOJIGUONEIZHENGZHISHENGHUODONGXIANG,LIRUYILAKEZHANZHENG,CHAOHEWENTI;YILAKEZHANZHENGQIANZONGTONGSADAMUDESHENPANJINZHANQINGKUANGDETONGXUN,ZUIJINRIBENSHOUXIANGCANBAIJINGGUOSHENSHEZHEIXIETONGXUNDOUSHUYUZHEIYILEI。WOMENHAICHANGYONGZHEIZHONGXINGSHI,FANYINGWOGUOZHENGZHIJINGJISHENGHUOZHONGDEZHONGDASHIJIAN、ZHONGYAODONGXIANG,BAODAOZHONGDAJIERIHUODONG,LIRUGUOQINGJIE,“WUYI”JIE、SHILIUDA、YIJIGEZHONGZHONGDAHUIYIDEZHAOKAI,YOUXIEZHONGDAGUOJIWENTILAILE,YEJINGCHANGYONGZHEIZHONGXINGSHIJIAYIBAODAOCHUQU,SUOYI,WOMENBATAJIAOZUOZHENGZHISHENGHUOTONGXUN。ZHEIZHONGTONGXUNZAIWOMENBAOZHISHANGYEZHANLEXIANGDANGSHULIANG。

    DISIZHONG,LVXINGJI。FANYINGMOUGEDIQU、MOUGEGUOJIARENMINSHENGHUOWENTI、FENGSURENQING、ZIRANMIANMAO,JIESHAONEIGEDIFANGDEFAZHAN,ZENGJIAWOMENDUINEIGEDIFANGDEZHISHIHELEJIE。ZHEIYILEITONGXUNSHULIANGBUDUO,DANHENXUYAO。

    DIWUZHONG,FANGWENJI。RUFANGWENKEXUEJIA,FANGWENYINGXIONGMOFANRENWULA,DOUKEYONGTONGXUNXINGSHIBAFANGWENDEQINGKUANGJISHUXIALAI,HAIYOUDETONGZHIBAXIAOGUSHIYEFANGZAITONGXUNYILEILIMIAN。

    TONGXUNXINGSHISUIRANYOUXUDUOZHONG,DANZUICHANGJIANDESHIGONGZUOTONGXUNHERENWUTONGXUNLIANGZHONG。SUOYIZHEILIANGZHONGSHIWOMENYAOYANJIUDEZHUYAODUIXIANG,YESHIWOMENYINGDANGNULIXUEXIHEZHANGWODELIANGZHONGZUIZHUYAODEXINGSHI。

    DISANGEWENTI:GUANYURENWUTONGXUN

    RENWUTONGXUNYIBANDEBEIGUIDAOBAOGAOWENXUEZHEIYILEILIMIAN。YOUDEJIAORENWUTONGXUN、JIAOTEXIE,YOUDEJIAOBAOGAOWENXUE,DOUSHIYIGEYISI。WOMENZHIDAO,BAOGAOWENXUESHIJISHANGSHI“WENXUEBAOGAO”,YONGWENXUEXIECHULAIDEDIAOCHABAOGAO。WEISHENMEYAOYONG“WENXUE”LIANGGEZINI?BUSHIYOUYIJUHUAMA,WENXUESHI“RENXUE”,WENXUESHIXIERENDE,ZHEIGERENSHISHEHUISHANGDEREN,BUSHISHENGWUXUE、JIEPOUXUEDENEIZHONGREN,SHIYANJIUCHUZAISHEHUISHENGHUOZHONG,CHUZAIYIDINGDIWEIZHONGDEZHEIZHONGRENDE“RENXUE”。SUOYITATONGQITATONGXUNBUTONGZHICHUJIUSHITASHIYIXIERENWEIQIGENBENRENWUDE。YIPIANWENZHANGWENXUECHENGFENDABUDA,JIUKANSHIBUSHIXIELEREN。WENXUEZUOPINDOUSHIXIERENDE,FOUZEBUJIAOWENXUEZUOPIN。YOUDERENKENENGHUISHUO,YOUXIESHUQINGSHIHEYOUXIESANWENJIUMEIYOUXIEREN,BUSHIYEJIAOWENXUEZUOPINMA?SHIJISHANGBUSHIZHEIYANG。SHUQINGSHI、SANWENDOUSHIXIELERENDE。ZHEIGERENJIUSHIZUOZHEZIJI。ZHUMINGSHIRENGUOXIAOCHUAN《QIUGE》、《TUANBOWADEQIUTIAN》NEILIMIANSHIYOURENDE,JIUSHIZUOZHEZIJI。WOMENBARENWUTONGXUNFENZAIBAOGAOWENXUELITOU,JIUSHIYINWEIZAIRENWUTONGXUNLIYOUWENXUEDECHENGFEN。

    DUIBAOGAOWENXUE,DUOSHAONIANLAIYOULIANGZHONGBUTONGDELIJIEHUOKANFA。YIZHONGRENWEIBAOGAOWENXUEJIUSHIFANYINGZHENRENZHENSHIDE,CONGRENWUDAOQINGJIE,SHENZHIDAOMEIYIGEXIJIEDOUSHIZHENSHIDE。ZHIBUGUOSHIZAIZHENSHIDEJICHUSHANGYUNYONGWENXUESHOUFALAIMIAOHUI,LAIBIAODARENWUDEYINGXIONGSHIJIHEJINGSHENMIANMAO。DANSUOXIEDEDONGXIJUEDUIZHENSHI,BUNENGXUGOU。LINGYIZHONGLIJIERENWEI,BAOGAOWENXUE,JIRANSHIWENXUEMA,JIUYUNXUXUSONG,RENWUSHIJIJIBENSHANGSHIZHENSHIDE,SHICENGJINGFASHENGGUODE。DANSHIJINGGUOLEZUOZHEDEGAIKUO、JIZHONG,YOUDEDIFANGKEYIXIANGXIANGHEXUGOU,ZUOYIXIEYISHUJIAGONG,SHITABIXIANSHISHENGHUOZHONGDERENWUGENGGAO,GENGJIZHONG,GENGJIADIANXINGHUA。ZHEIYANGWENXUECHENGFENGENGDUOLE,JIBENSHANGTUOLILETONGXUNBAODAOFANCHOU,JIUSHUYUWENXUEYISHUDEFANCHOULE。

    ZHEILIANGZHONGKANFAGUOQUYOUZHENGLUN,YIZHIDAOXIANZAIBINGMEIYOUDINGLUN。ZHEILIANGZHONGJIANJIEKEYISHUOSHIBAOGAOWENXUESHANGDELIANGGEFENZHI。WOMENZHIDAOZHEILIANGZHONGLIJIEYIHOU,YINGGAIYOUWOMENZIJIDEKANFA。WOMENSUOYAOXIEDEBAOGAOWENXUE,WORENWEIYINGGAISHISHANGMIANSHUODEDIYIZHONG:YAOJUEDUIZHENSHI,BUYAOXUGOU。ZHANGSANJIUSHIZHANGSAN,LISIJIUSHILISI,MEIYOUFASHENGGUODESHIJIUBUYAOBIANZAO,BUYAOPINGXIANGXIANGTIANZHIJIAYE。RUXUGOU,NIKEYIXIEXIAOSHUO、XIEDIANSHIJUBEN,XIESANWEN、XIESHI,RUGUONIXIEBAOZHISHANGYONGDERENWUTONGXUNJIUYINGGAIZHENSHI。

    DISIGEWENTI:RENWUTONGXUNDEXIEZUOHECAIFANG

    榜样的力量是无穷的。人物通讯是报道典型的主要方法之一。人物典型,如果宣传得好,往往会对我们的经济建设、安全生产、对我们的各项事业,对我们企业的发展起到不可估量的作用,我们都熟悉雷锋、焦裕禄等英雄人物。这么多年来,他们的感染和号召力一直鼓舞着我国年青一代沿着具有中国特色的社会主义道路前进。这些典型的意义,不在于指导某项实际工作,不是介绍一个什么工作经验,而是为我们树立了一个在社会发展历程上的光辉形象。我们可以回忆一下,六十年代初期国际斗争的情况。苏联变修了,在他们那里出现了所谓“垮掉的一代”,在修正主义的毒害下,青年人思想空虚、颓废,没有理想,没有抱负。就象我国受“四人帮”毒害的“三无”青年一样,无理想,无政府,无知识。苏联变修了,世界革命人民眼睛看着中国,中国怎么样?帝国主义国家,把他们在中国复辟的希望寄托在中国第三代、第四代身上,希望中国也变成苏联那个样子。雷锋的出现,就解决了在社会主义时期,培养什么接班人的问题。雷锋等一批英雄模范人物的出现就为我们这一代青年人树立了学习的榜样。他的意义,他的影响,远远超出了我们的国界。所以,他在国内外都引起了强烈的反响。

    ZENYANGXIEHAORENWUTONGXUN?GENJUGERENDETIHUI,WOGANDAOYOUSANGEDONGXIHENZHONGYAO,YIGESHISIXIANG,YIGESHIQINGJIE,YIGESHIYUYAN。KEYISHUOZHEISHISANGEJIBENHUANJIE。SHOUXIANYAOGAOQINGNIXUANCHUANTAJIUJINGSHIYAODADAOSHENMEMUDE,SHIYAOXUANCHUANYIZHONGSHENMEYANGSIXIANG,ZHUTIDINGZAINALI,ZHEIYIDIANYIDINGYAOMINGQUE。QICI,WEILEBIAOXIANNINEIGEZHUTISIXIANG,NIJIUYIZHANGWOLEYIXIESHENMEYANGDEQINGJIE,TEBIESHIHENNENGSHUOMINGWENTI,HENGUOYINGDEQINGJIE。DISANJIUSHIYUYAN,JIUJINGYONGSHENMEYANGDEYUYANBIAOXIANNISUOXIEDEYINGXIONGRENWU。ZHEISANGEWENTIJIEJUEDEHAO,RENWUTONGXUNDEXIEZUOCAISUANYOULEYIGEJICHU,CAIYOUXIEHAODEKENENG。

    GUANYURENWUTONGXUNDECAIFANGHEXIEZUO,YOUYIXIAJIDIANTIHUI:

    (YI)GUANYUFAXIANHESHIBIEDIANXINGDEWENTI。

    XIANSHISHENGHUOXIANGWANGYANGDAHAI,XIANJINRENWUDALIANGYONGXIAN,YOUQIZAISHEHUIDAZHUANXINGSHIQI,DIANXINGGENGSHIQIANQIANWANWANDE。NEIME,ZENMEYANGFAXIANHESHIBIEYOUXIANSHIYIYIDEZHONGYAODIANXINGNI?WOGANDAOQIMAYINGGAIZUODAO“SANGEQINGCHU”:

    1、DENGXIAOPINGLILUN、JIANGZEMINSANGEDAIBIAOZHONGYAOSIXIANGHEKEXUEDEFAZHANGUANSHIWOMENGUANCHAYIQIESHIWUDEWANGYUANJINGHEXIANWEIJING,WOMENYAOXUANCHUANSHENMEDIANXING,JIUYAODUIDENGXIAOPINGLILUN、JIANGZEMINSANGEDAIBIAOZHONGYAOSIXIANGHEKEXUEDEFAZHANGUANGUANYUNEIGEWENTIDELUNSHUHEDANGDEZHENGCESHOUXIANGAOQINGCHU。YAOXUANCHUANSHENME,NISHOUXIANYAOSHUXIDANGQIANWODANGZAIZHEIFANGMIANDEZHISHIHELUNSHU,BANGZHUZIJIMINGQUESIXIANG。

    2、DUIYUGUOJIGUONEIDEXINGSHIHEQUANGUODEXUANCHUANDONGXIANGXINLIYAOQINGCHU。YAOLIZUBENDANWEI,FANGYANQUANGUO。MEITANJIEDETONGXUNYUANJIUSHIYAOBANISUOYAOBAODAOBENDANWEIDEXINWENFANGZAIZHENGGEMEITANXITONGQUFENXIYANJIU,KANSHIFOUYOUDIANXINGZHIDAOYIYI,YAOZHANZAITAIYANGDEJIAODUKANWENTI,ZHAGENZAIDICENGSHENCHUXIEXINWEN,ZHIYAOZUOFENGZHASHI,SHENDEXIA,KANDEYUAN,BUPACHIKU,WOMENJIUYIDINGNENGQUDESHIXIAODEHAOXINWEN。

    3、DUIDIANXINGDEQUANBUCAILIAO(BAOKUOFANMIANCAILIAO)XINLIYAOQINGCHU。ZHEISANGE“QINGCHU”SHIJIBENDE。DANGDELUXIANFANGZHENZHENGCESHIWOMENHENGLIANGDIANXINGDECHIDU,SUOZAIDANWEIDEFAZHANTAISHIHEQUEDINGDEXUANCHUANDONGXIANGSHIWOMENXUANZEDIANXINGDEGENJU。WEISHENMEXIANZAIYAOXUANCHUANZHEIGEDIANXINGNI?MUDEHEZHENDUIXINGSHISHENME?YIDINGYAOXIANGLEYOUXIANG,GAOQINGCHU。TONGYIGEDIANXING,ZAIBUTONGSHIQIXUANCHUAN,KEYIYOUWANQUANBUTONGDEXIAOGUO。BAOZHIJIUSHI“XINWEN”ZHI,BAOZHISHANGFABIAODEDONGXI,BULUNSHENMEXINGSHI,DOUYOUHENQIANGDESHIJIANXING、ZHENDUIXING。YEJIUSHIYAOJINMIPEIHEDANGQIANDEXINGSHI,WEIDANGDELUXIANFANGZHENZHENGCEHEXIANSHIDEJINGJIJIANSHEFUWU,WEIWOMENQIYEDESHENGCHANJINGYINGFUWU。MEIXUANCHUANYIGEDIANXING,WOMENDOUYAOKAOLV:WOZHEIGEDIANXINGJIUJINGYAOHUIDAXIANSHISHENGHUOZHONGYIGESHENMEWENTI?TONGSHIYIGEDIANXING,ZAIZHEIGESHIHOUXUANCHUAN,KEYICHANSHENGJUDADEYINGXIANG,ERZAILINGYIGESHIHOUNACHULAIXUANCHUAN,KENENGWUSHENGWUXI,HUOZHEFANXIANGHENXIAO。SHENMEDAOLINI?JIUSHIMEIYOUKAOLVXINGYEXINGSHIHEXUANCHUANDONGXIANG,MEIYOUKAOLVDAOQIYESHENGCHANJINGYINGDEFAZHANTAISHI,YONGTINGZHIDEGUANDIANQUSIKAOWENTI,SHIJIBUDUI。ZAIYIDINGYIYISHANG,XUANCHUANSHIJIJIUSHIZHILIANG。

    FAXIANYIGEDIANXINGHOU,SHOUXIANYAOYONGDANGQIANGUOJIAZONGDEZHIDAOSIXIANGZHEIBACHIZILAILIANGYILIANG,RANHOUBATAFANGDAOQIYEFAZHANZHEIBA“CHENG”SHANGLAICHENGYICHENG,KANZHUNLE,HUOZHEJIBENKANZHUNLE。ZAIDUIDIANXINGDESHIJICAILIAO,ZUOXIZHIDEFENXIYANJIU。WOMENCAIFANGZHONGCHANGCHANGYOUZHEIZHONGQINGKUANG:CAILIAOZHUALEBUSHAO,LIZISHOUJIJISHIGE,SHANGBAIGE,BIJIJILEHOUHOUDEYIDABEN,DANMEIYOURENZHENYANJIU,JIZHEZIJIYANMEIZAICAILIAOLI,JUEDEZHEIGEYEHAO,NEIGEYEHAO,DOUSHEBUDEDIUDIAO。JIUJINGYAOZHEIXIECAILIAOSHUOMINGSHENMEWENTI,BUMINGQUE。XIEQILAISHIYIBENLIUSHUIZHANG。ZHEISHISHENMEDAOLINI?JIUSHIQUESHAODUICAILIAOZUORENZHENDEFENXIYANJIU,HAIMEIYOUCHITOUCAILIAO,HAIMEIYOUZHENZHENGRENSHIZHEIXIECAILIAODEJIAZHI。SHIWUBENSHENSHIHENFUZADE,BUSHIYIXIAJIUNENGKANQINGCHULEDE,YAOFANLAIFUQUYANJIUCAIXING。CONGFAXIANDIANXINGDAOCAIFANGXIEZUO,ZHIDAODIANXINGXIEZUODEWANCHENG,DOUSHIRENSHIDIANXINGDEGUOCHENG。WOGUOQUGAODEYIXIEBIJIAODADEDIANXINGBAODAO,RUQUANGUOMEITANXITONGYOUXIUQIYEJIAGAOYANGCAI、QUANGUOSHIJIAKUANGZHANGZHONGXINRUIDENG,FANSHIGAODEBIJIAOHAODE,DOUBUZHIDAOJINGGUODUOSHAOCIFANFU,CAIGAOCHENGNEIGEYANGZIDE。CAILIAOCAIFANGLEYIDADUI,XIANZIXIKANCAILIAO,KANLETAOLUN,DAJIATIFANGAN,SHOUXIANYAOZHAOCHUZHEIGEDIANXINGDETEDIANSHISHENME,ZAIYANJIUDEJICHUSHANGZUZHICAILIAO,DAJIAZI。JIAZIDAHAOLE,DANGSHIRENWEIHAIKEYI,GUOLEJITIANYOURENWEIBUXING,HAIMEIYOUTIXIANZHEIGEDIANXINGDEBENZHI,TUIFANLEZAICONGTOULAI。YIWEIWEIRENSHUOGUO:“GANJUEDAOLEDEDONGXI,WOMENBUNENGLIKELIJIETA,ZHIYOULIJIELEDEDONGXICAINENGSHENKEDIGANJUETA。”WOMENZAICAIFANGZHONG,CHANGCHANGBEIXIANJINRENWUDESHIJISUOGANDONG,XINQINGFEICHANGJIDONG,YOUDEJIBIJIDOUJIBUXIAQU。DANZHEIBINGBUDENGYUNISUOXIANGDENEIYANG。ZHEIJIUSHUOMINGNIHAIZHISHITINGLIUZAIGANXINGJIEDUAN,MEIYOUCHITOU,MEIYOUHENHAODILIJIETA。SUOWEIDIAOCHAYANJIU,SHIYIGEXIANGHULIANXIDERENSHISHIWUDEGUOCHENG。WOMENWANGWANGZHONGSHILEDIAOCHA,ERHUSHILEDUICAILIAODEFENXIYANJIU,ZHEISHIBUXINGDE。CAIFANGZHIHOU,YIDINGYAODUICAILIAOJINXINGFANFUXIZHIDEYANJIU,LIZHENGCHITOUTA,RENSHITA。ZHEIGEGUOCHENGYOUSHIYAOJINGGUOHAODUOCIDEFANFUCAINENGWANCHENG。

    (ER)GUANYURENWUTONGXUNDECAIFANG。

    TONGXUNDECAIFANGYIBANYAOQIUBIXINWENDECAIFANGYAOSHENYIXIE,XIYIXIE,ERRENWUTONGXUNDECAIFANGYAOGENGSHEN、GENGXI。BUJINYAODUIRENWUDEXIANJINSHIJIZUOXIANGXILEJIE,ERQIEHAIYAOZHUYILEJIERENWUDEXINGGETEDIAN、CHUSHENLISHI、SHENGHUOXIGUAN,LIANTADEYINRONGXIAOMAODOUYAOZHUYIGUANCHA,QIZHONGTEBIEYAOZHUYITANSUORENWUDEJINGSHENSHIJIE。JIUSHIWOMENCHANGSHUODETADE“LINGHUN”、“SIXIANGJINGJIE”。CAIFANGDESHIHOUYAOCHONGFENYUNYONGDIER、DISANSHOUCAILIAO,DANGENGYAOQIANGDIAOZHANGWODIYISHOUDECAILIAO。YOUXIEDIANXINGRENWUXISHENGLE,BUNENGZUODANGMIANCAIFANG,ZENMEQUZHUADIYISHOUCAILIAONI?YUDAOZHEIZHONGQINGKUANG,WOXIANGNIQIMAYAOQUCAIFANGYIXIAZHEIGERENWUYIQISHENGHUOGUO、ZHANDOUGUODEQUNZHONGHELINGDAO,CAIFANGYIXIAXIANJINDIANXINGZHOUWEIDEREN,HETAMENHAOHAOTANTAN,BATAMENDEGANSHOU、YINXIANGBIANCHENGZIJIDEGANSHOU、YINXIANG。NIQIMAYINGGAIDAOYINGXIONGRENWUSHENGHUOZHANDOUGUODEDIFANGQUSHIDIGUANCHAYIXIA,TIHUIYIXIAQUNZHONGDUIYINGXIONGRENWUDEGANQING。CAIXIEJIAOYULU、YANGSHUICAI、LIYUEHUADENGDIANXINGRENWUDETONGZHI,DOUCENGQINZIDAOYINGXIONGRENWUSHENGHUOZHANDOUGUODEDIFANGQUJINXINGLEJISHITIANSHENRUXIZHIDECAIFANG,ZAINEILIQINZIGUANCHA,ZHAOLAOXIANGKAIZUOTANHUI,ZOUFANGLEJISHIGESHENZHISHANGBAIDEREN,ZUOLEDALIANGDEGONGZUO。ZHEIYANG,JIZHESUIRANMEIYOUJIANDAOXISHENGLEDEYINGXIONGBENREN,DANNIYIJINGJINRULE“JIAOSE”,YOULEHENSHENKEDEGANSHOU,YINGXIONGRENWUYIZAINITOUNAOZHONG“HUO”QILAILE。ZHEISHINIXIEQILAIJIUZONGHENGZIRULE。CAIFANGSHI,MIANSHANGDECAILIAOYAOZHANGWO,DANGENGYAOZHUYIYOUZHONGDIANDIWAJUEDIANSHANGDEQINGKUANG。YIGEYINGXIONGRENWUHUODONGDEFANGMIANHENDUO,DANSHITAZONGYOUJIGEHUODONGDEZHONGDIAN,ZHEIJIGE“DIAN”YIDINGYAOSHENWAXIZHAO。XIAMIANCAILIAOYAOCHONGFENWAJUE,TONGSHI,YEYAOZHONGSHILEJIEFANMIANCAILIAO。XIANSHIQINGKUANGDOUYAOZHANGWO,YEYAOZHUYILEJIELISHIQINGKUANG,JIFANGMIANDECAILIAOZHANGWOLE,CAIFANGCAISUANSHIJIBENWANCHENG。JUJIESHAO,CAIFANGHAOYISHENGLIYUEHUASHI,GUANGKAIZUOTANHUIJIUKAILESISHIDUOGE,CAIFANGLESANBAIDUOREN。GUOQU,WOMENZAIMEIKUANGCAIFANGXIANJINRENWU,YOUSHIWEILEGAOQINGYIGEXIJIE,ZHUANCHENGPAOJISHILI,QUTADELAOJIA。QUNIANWOSHANBEICAIXIE《QUANGUODIYICAIMEIDAXIANCAIFANGJIXING》SHI,YECENGZAIHAOCHENGBUMAOZHIDIDEDASHAMOLIQUPAOLAIPAOQU,DAOXIAOMEIKUANGZUIWEIJIZHONGDECHANMEIXIANGZHENZHULEZHU,TIYANLEYIXIAWAMEIRENDESHENGHUO。WOMENGANDAO,ZHEIZHONGQINLINXIANCHANG,GUANCHATIYAN,DUIWOMENXIEHAONEIPIANDONGXIYOUHENDADEBANGZHU。GUOQUWOMENZUOZHEYOUJUHUA:CAIFANGSHIYAOYOU“HAILIANG”,CAILIAODUODUOYISHAN,YAOYOUYIZHUIDAODIDEJINGSHEN,BUFANGGUOYIGEXIANSUO。DANXIEZUOSHIYAOFEICHANG“XIAOQI”“LINSE”,XIZHUOXIMO。CAIFANGSHIZHUAYIBAJIUZOUSHIBUXINGDE,YAOZHUIGENJIUDI,TEBIESHIBUFANGGUORENHEYIDIANYOUJIAZHIDEXIANSUO。GUANYUWAXIJIEDEWENTI,WONIANYIDUANGUANYULIYUEHUADECAIFANGTIHUI。DAJIATINGLEYIDINGHUIYOUQIFA。TAMENZAITIHUIZHONGXIEDAO:“CAIFANGZHONGYOUYUXIJIEHENDUO,WOMENHENZHUYIXIJIEDEWAJUE。WOMENZHAOZHAOBIN、ZHENGHAIQUANDENGTONGZHIJISHICITANHUALEJIE,WAJUENEIXIEGANRENDEXIJIE。YOUYICIZHAOBINTANDAOLIYUEJICHANFUDENGCAIXIAZUOTAIPANBOLISHOUSHUSHI,CENGJINGWEIXIAOGUOYICI。WOMENJIUZHUAXINBUFANG,YAOTAZIXIHUIXIANGYIXIA,DAODISHISHENMEQINGKUANGXIAWEIXIAODE?JINGZHENGHAIQUANBANGZHUHUIYI,SHIZAIZHENGBAOGAOLETAIPANWANZHENGYIHOU。DANGLEJIEDAOZHEIGEQINGJIESHI,WOMENZHENSHIRUHUOZHIBAO,WOMENBAZHEIGEXIJIEXIEDAOTONGXUNLIQULE。ZHEIGEXIJIEJIUSHI:‘RENMENBALIYUEHUAFUDAOYIZISHANG,TAZHANGZHANGDIXULEYIKOUQI,WEIRUODESHENGYINDUANDUANDUANXUXU,SHUO:“TAIPAN……WANZHENGMA?”ZHENGYISHENGLIJIZUOLEJIANCHA,GAOSUTA,TAIPANWANZHENG!ZHEISHI,LIYUEHUALIANSHANGWEIWEILUCHULEKUANWEIDEXIAORONG。”LIYUEHUASHIZAITINGDAOYIQIESHUNLISHIXIAODE。LIYUEHUAYIJINGSHISHILE,WOMENHENNANLEJIETADANGSHIXIANGXIESHENME。DANSHITINGLEZHEIXIESHENGDONGZHENSHIDEXIJIE,JIUKEYIGANSHOUDAOLIYUEHUANEIZHONGZHIXIANGDAOBINGRENDEANWEI,HAOBUKAOLVGERENDECHONGGAODEJINGSHENJINGJIE。HAIYOUYIXIEZHONGYAODEXIJIE:ZAIMENZHENSHITULESANCI,DINGCHIDONGQUANTAHUIQU,TAQINGQINGDIYAOLEYAOTOU。ZAISHOUSHUJINXINGDESHIHOU,HANSHUIYANZHEFASHAOWANGXIALIU,QUANSHENDOUSHITOULE。ZHEIXIEXIJIEDEMIAOXIE,DUIYUZAIXIANLIYUEHUADEGAODAXINGXIANGQIDAOLEYIDINGDEZUOYONG。

    TONGXUNZHONG,LIYUEHUADEXUDUOXINLIHUODONG,SHIJIZHETONGLIYUEHUATONGZHIDEAIRENZHAOBINTONGZHIDEJISHICITANHUAZHONGLEJIECHULAIDE。BIRUXIEDAOLIYUEHUAJIWANGCHUNZHIBINGSHIHOUNEIZHONGNEIJIUDEXINQINGYIJICONGGONGJIBAOXIAOXIANGDAOLEXIAOGOUNENGBAOXINDEXINLIHUODONG,JIUSHITASHIHOUGAOSUZHAOBINDE。WOMENZIJIHEXIONGDIDANWEIDECAIFANGDOUSHUOMING,CAIFANGYIDINGYAOSHENWAXIZHAO,YAOYOUBUFANGGUOYIQIEJIHUI,BUFANGQIRENHEYIGEYOUJIAZHIDEXIANSUODEJINGSHEN,SHENWAYOUYIYIDEXIJIE。ZHEIYANGZUOYOUSHIHUIKUNNANYIXIE,YOUXIEYINGXIONGMOFANRENWUBUYUANTANZIJIDESHI,YOUXIEYECHANGYINWEIWOMENZHUIWENDETAIXIERBUNAIFAN,JUEDE“NIZHEIGEJIZHESHIZENMEHUISHI,WENQILAIMEIGEWANLA!”YUDAOZHEIZHONGQINGKUANG,WOMENYEBUYAOHUIXIN,YAOHENNAIXINDISHUOFUTA,ZHENGMIANWABUDAOJIUHETAXIANLIAO,YOUSHIZAIWUYIZHONGKENENGHUIFAXIANHENYOUYIYIDEXIJIE。NIHETALIAOSHANGLIANGSANTIAN,ZHIYAONENGWACHUJIGEYOUYIYIDEQINGJIE,JIUSHIHENDASHOUHUOLE。

    CAIFANGDEZHUYAOMUDESHIWAJUENEIXIENENGGOUZHANKAIDIANXINGRENWUTEDIANHEBENZHIDEDIANXINGSHILI,DIANXINGQINGJIE。SHENMEJIAODIANXINGSHILI,DIANXINGQINGJIE?JIANDANDISHUO,DIANXINGSHILIJIUSHINENGDAIBIAOFANGXIANG,CHAOCHUYIBAN,FANYINGSHIWUBENZHIDESHILI。WOMENKANGUOHENDUOXIANJINDIANXINGDERENWUTONGXUN,YOUDERENWUTONGXUNQIBAQIANZI,SHANGWANZI,DANKANWANZHIHOU,JINILIUXIAYINXIANGJIUSHINEIMEJIJIANSHI,ZHEIJIJIANSHIJININAOZILIDAXIASHENSHENDELUOYIN,GUOLEDUOSHAONIANDOUWANGBULE。BIRULEIFENGMAOZHEDAYUSONGDASAO,MAICHEPIAODESHI;WANGGUOFUDE“ZHANGGONGWU”;YANGSHUICAIDE“YIKEHETAOZHONG”DENGDENG,HAIYOUXIANGHAOBALIAN“SHANSHANFAGUANGDEYIFENQIAN”,YESHUYUZHEIYILEI,ZHEIXIEQINGJIESUOYISHIRENNANWANG,JIUSHIYINWEITABIJIAOSHENKEDEFANYINGLESHIWUDEBENZHI,CHAOCHUYIBAN,DAIBIAOLESHIWUFAZHANDEFANGXIANG。

    ZAIZHEIDIANSHANG,WOMENSHANGMIANJUDE“RENMINDEHAOYISHENGLIYUEHUA”ZHEIPIANRENWUTONGXUNZHONGJIUYOUHENDUOHENHAODEDONGXIZHIDEWOMENXUEXI。WEILESHUOQINGCHUSHENMESHIDIANXINGQINGJIE,SHENMEJIAODAIBIAOFANGXIANG,CHAOCHUYIBAN,FANYINGBENZHI,WOHAIXIANGJULIYUEHUATONGXUNZHONGDESHILILAISHUOMING,BIRULIYUEHUATONGXUNZHONG“TAZUODEHAOSHIANMENSHUBUQING”ZHEIYIDUANLIYOUZHEIMEYIGEQINGJIE:LIYUEHUADEXIAOHAIGANGMANSANGEYUE,TAQUWEIZHAOERJIEJIESHENG。JIESHENGSHIHENSHUNLIDE,KEZHAOERJIEDEZHANGFUBUZAIJIA,LIYUEHUACONGZIJIJIALINALAIMIMIAN、HONGTANG、JIDAN,QINZIZUOHAOSONGDAOZHAOERJIECHUANGQIAN。HOULAI,ZHAOERJIETURANSHENGLEBING,SHIGUOLIYUEHUAJINGXINHULI,BINGSHIHAOLE,KENAISHUIQUEYIDIYEMEIYOULE。TADEXIAOHAIXIAOJINYEMEICHIDE,ZHENGTIANKU,LIYUEHUAHENZHEJI,JUEDINGJIZIJIHAIZIDUANNAI,YONGZIJIDENAISHUIBUYUXIAOJINYE。MEITIANANSHIQU,YELIZHIYAOTINGDAOXIAOJINYEDEKUSHENG,TIANQIZAILENGYEYAOGANQU。XIAMIANYOUZHEIYANGYIDUANMIAOXIE:

    YIGEFENGXUEJIAOJIADEYEWAN,LIYUEHUACHUZHENHUILAI,YUANYUANTINGDAOXIAOGUANJUNHEXIAOJINYEDOUZAITIKU,GANJINJIAKUAILEJIAOBU。DANSHITAMEIYOUHUIJIA,ERQUQIAOZHAOERJIEDEMEN:“ERJIE,KAIMENYA!”ZHAOERJIETINGDAOLIYUEHUADESHENGYIN,YIGULIUPAQILAIDIANSHANGLEDENG。KANZHELIYUEHUABEIZHEYAOXIANGZIZOUJINLAI,BIANJIDONGDILAZHULIYUEHUADESHOUSHUO:“TALIYI,NIJIAXIAOGUANJUNYEZAIKUNI!”LIYUEHUAXIAOZHESHUO:“MEISHA,YOUTALAOLAOHONGZHELI。”YIBIANSHUO,YIBIANJIXIAOJINYEWEINAI。ZHAOERJIEWANGZHEJIANJIANRUSHUIDEXIAOJINYE,GANDONGDEFUZAILIYUEHUADEJIANBANGSHANGKULE,LEISHUIBALIYUEHUADEYISHANGRUNSHILEYIDAPIAN。……

    ZHEIGEQINGJIEHENGANREN,SUIRANHENJIANDAN,DANFANYINGLESHIWUBENZHI,ZHANSHILELIYUEHUAHAOBULIJI、ZHUANMENLIRENDEGAOSHANGPINZHI,TASHIDAIBIAOFANGXIANGDE,SHICHAOCHUYIBANDE。HAIYOUYIGEQINGJIESHILIYUEHUAYANGLEYITIAOXIAOGOU,WEISHENMEYANGZHEITIAOXIAOGOUNI?ZHEISHIYINWEIYOUYICI,TACHUZHENHUILAI,HENLEILE,YITANGXIAJIUSHUIZHELE。HURANYIZHENJICUDEQIAOMENSHENGBATAJINGXINGLE,KAIMENYIKAN,YIGELAOTAITAIZAIYULIZHANZHE,QUANSHENDOUSHITOULE,TAWEN:“DAMA,NINZHANLEHENJIULEMA?”LAOTAITAISHUO:“WODENEIGESUNZIBUXINGLE,NIGANJINQUKANKANBA!”LIYUEHUAJIBINGRENKANBINGSHIGANDAOHENNEIJIU,XINXIANG:RUGUOBINGRENDELEGENGJIDEBING,WOXINGDEWANLE,BUSHIHENWEIXIANMA?TAHURANTINGDAOGONGJIBAOXIAO,XINLIYILIANG,XIANG:JINENGJIAOMING,GOUJIAOBUSHIKEYIBAOXINMA?CONGNEIYIHOU,TAJIUYANGLEYITIAOHUANGGOU。XIAOHUANGGOUDEQINGJIEFANYINGLELIYUEHUAQUANXINQUANYIWEIBINGRENFUWU,FEICHANGXIZHI,TITIERUWEIDENEIZHONGBENZHI,ZHEIYESHICHAOYEYIBANDE。WOMENSUOSHUODEDIANXINGQINGJIEJIUSHIZHEILEIQINGJIE。KANHOUKEYISHIRENJIUJIUBUWANG。

    XIAOHUANGGOUDEQINGJIE,BINGBUSHIJIZHEKAISHIJIUZHIDAODE,ERSHIHOULAIOURANFAXIANDE。KAISHI,TONGXUNLIMIANMEIYOUZHEIGEQINGJIE,BATAZUOWEIXIAOGUSHIDANDUYONGLE,HOULAIDAJIAYIKUAIYANJIU,CAIJUEDINGYONGDAOTONGXUNLIMIAN,ZHEIYIGAIBIANWEIZHUTONGXUNZENGSEBUSHAO。

    WOMENZAICAIFANGDANGZHONGCHANGCHANGYOUZHEIZHONGQINGKUANG,CAILIAOCAIFANGLEBUSHAO,DANYAOXIEDESHIHOU,QUEFAXIANCAILIAOZHONGZHENZHENGKEYONGDEDONGXIBUDUO,HUOZHECAILIAOJINGUANYONGLEHENDUO,XIECHULAIDEDONGXIBINGBUGANREN。WEISHENMEHUICHUXIANZHEIZHONGXIANXIANGNI?ZHEIDANGRANYOUXIEZUOJIQIAOSHANGDEWENTI,BUHUIYONGCAILIAO,MEIXIEHAO,DANWOJUEDEGENGZHONGYAODESHIZAIDIAOCHAYANJIUSHANGXIAGONGFUBUGOU,MEIYOUHUODEZUGOUDE、GUOYINGDEDIANXINGCAILIAO。TEBIESHIXIANGSHANGMIANWOSHUODENEIZHONGDIANXINGSHILI,ZAIRENWUTONGXUNZHONG,JIUXIANGRENDEJILIANGGU,SHIGUGAN,MEIYOUTA,RENWUSHIZHANBUQILAIDE。JIUSHISHUO,ZAIYIPIANTONGXUNZHONG,ZHISHAOYAOYOUSAN、WUGE,QI、BAGEZHEIZHONGDIANXINGDESHILI,NIDERENWUCAINENGZHANQILAI。

    YIGUDEZHUMINGZUOJIABAJINYOUYIGEFAYAN,QIZHONGTIDAOYIJUHUAWOTINGLEHENSHOUQIFA,ZHEIJUHUADEDAYISHUO,WENXUEZUOPINYINGDANGSHI“QINGLIZHIZHONG,CHURENYIWAI”。JIUSHISHUO,ZUOPINZHONGRENWUDEXINGDONG,CHANGCHANGCHUHURENDEYILIAOZHIWAI,SHIRENYIXIANGBUDAO。DANSHIZIXIYIZHUOMO,YOUGANDAOWANQUANHEQINGHELI,ZAIQINGLIZHIZHONG。ZHEISHIJIESHISHIWUBENZHIDEZHENGCHANGGUILV。WENXUECHUANGZUOSHANGSHIZHEIYANG,TONGXUNXIEZUO,TEBIESHIWANRENWUTONGXUN,YESHIZHEIYANGDE。CAIFANGZHONG,WOMENJIYAOZHUYIWAJUENEIXIENENGGOUFANYINGSHISHIBENZHIDEDIANXINGSHILI,DIANXINGQINGJIE,YOUYAOZHUYIWAJUENEIXIEBUYIBANHUADE,HENYOUTESEDEQINGJIE。ZHEIDIANDUIXIEHAORENWUTONGXUNHENZHONGYAO。

    WEILESHUOMINGWENTI,WOJUMUQINGZAI《XIANWEISHUJIDEHAOBANGYANG———JIAOYULU》ZHEIPIANTONGXUNLI,QIZHONGYOUZHEIYANGYIDUAN:

    YANDONG,YIGEFENGYUJIAOJIADEYEWAN,JIAOYULUZHAOJIZAIJIADEXIANWEIWEIYUANKAIHUI。RENDAOQIHOU,TABINGMEIYOUXUANBUYISHIRICHENG,ZHISHUOLEYIJU:“ZOU,GENWOCHUQUYITANG”,JIULINGZHEDAJIADAOHUOCHEZHANQULE。

    DANGSHI,LANKAOCHEZHANSHANG,BEIFENGNUHAO,DAXUEFENFEI,CHEZHANDEWUYANXIA,GUAZHECHIBAZHANGDEBINGZHU。GUOJIAYUNSONGLANKAOYIDAIZAIMINQIANWANGFENGSHOUDIQUDEZHUANCHE,ZHENGZAIZHEILIKAIGUO,YEHAIYOUYIXIEZAIMINCHUANZHEGUOJIAJIUJIDEMIANYI,JUANQUZAIHUOCHESHANG,YONGJIZAIHOUCHESHILI……

    JIAOYULUZHIZHETAMEN,CHENZHONGDISHUO: “TONGZHIMEN,TAMENJUEDADUOSHUREN……SHIZAIQUBIPOTAMENBEIJINGLIXIANGDE,BUNENGZEGUAITAMEN,WOMENYOUZEREN。DANGBA36WANQUNZHONGJIAOJIWOMEN,WOMENBUNENGLINGDAOTAMENZHANSHENGZAIHUANG,YINGGAIGANDAOXIUCHIHETONGXIN……”

    CONGCHEZHANHUIDAOXIANWEI,YIJINGSHIBANYESHIFENLE,HUIYIZHEISHIHOU“CAIZHENGSHIKAISHI” 。

    ZHEIYANGDEMIAOXIE,YIXIAZIJIUBAJIAOYULUNEIZHONGDUIDANGDESHIYEDEGAODUZERENGAN,DUIRENMINQUNZHONGDEHUOYANGDEGANQING,YIXIAZIHONGTUOCHULAI。RUGUOZUOZHEMEIYOUGAODUDEZHENGZHIJUEWU,MEIYOUTONGRENMINQUNZHONGHUOREDEGANQING,MEIYOUHENSHENDEWENXUEXIUYANG,ERJINJINSHIYIXIESHILIDELUOLIE,YIZHONGJIANDANDEXUSHU,,NEIME,DUZHEDUQILAIBIANMEIYOUWEIDAOLE。

    ZHEIGEQINGJIEYEFUHEBAJINTONGZHISUOSHUODENEIJUHUA:“QINGLIZHIZHONG,CHURENYIWAI”。YANDONGDEYEWAN,KAIHUI、QUHUOCHEZHAN,YAOGANSHENME,YE、HUI、HUOCHEZHANSIHUFENGMANIUBUXIANGRU,BUTAIHELI,CHURENYILIAO,DANZIXIYIXIANG,YOUFEICHANGHEQINGHELI。ERQIEZHIYOUZHEIYANGBIAOXIANCAIZUIHAO、ZUIBUYIBAN,ZUIYOUTEDIAN,ZUINENGBIAOXIANRENWUDEDIANXINGXINGGE。WOMENZAITONGXUNCAIFANGZHONG,YEYAOZHUYIWAJUELEISIZHEIYANGDEYOUTESEDEQINGJIE。

    SHENRUCAIFANG,RENZHENGAOHAODIAOCHAYANJIU,SHIXIEHAORENWUTONGXUNDEJICHU,SUHUASHUO:“YOUYITOUHAOFACAIYOULICHUYIGEHAOTOU”。CAIFANGYESHIZHEIYANG,ZHIYOUZHANGWOLEDALIANGDE、GUOYINGDECAILIAO,CAINENGXIECHUYIPIANHAODETONGXUNLAI。

    (SAN)GUANYURENWUTONGXUNDEXIEZUO:

    1、BUYAOZHUADAOCAILIAOJIUXIE,YAOZAIYANJIUCAILIAOSHANGDUOXIAGONGFU,CHITOUCAILIAO。JIZHEYOUJUHUAJIAOZUO“QIFENSISUOSANFENXIE。”XIANGTOULECAINENGXIETOU,ZHEIHUAYOUYIDINGDAOLI。XIANGDEGUOCHENGJIUSHIRENSHISHIWUDEGUOCHENG,JIUSHIRENSHIZHUBUSHENHUADEGUOCHENG,JIUSHIQUWEICUNZHEN,QUCUQUJINGDEGUOCHENG,JIUSHITILIANZHUTIDEGUOCHENG。XIANGDEMUDESHIYAOTUCHUZHUTISIXIANG。WOMENYAOXIEYIGERENWU,WEISHENMEYAOXIETA,WEILEDADAOYIGESHENMEMUDE?YAOTONGGUOZHEIGERENBIAOXIANYIGESHENMESIXIANG?ZHEIXIEWENTIYIDINGYAOXIANGTOU。JIYAOXIANGTOUBIAOXIANSHENME,YOUYAOXIANGHAOZENMEBIAOXIAN,ZHEISHIYAOJINGGUODUOCIFANFUCAINENGZUODAODE。ZAIXIEDEGUOCHENGZHONGWANGWANGHAIYOUZHEIZHONGQINGKUANG:FEILIBUXIAO,FANLAIFUQUXIELEDUOCI,RENJIAKANLEHAISHIMEIYINXIANG,BUGANREN,SHENMEYUANYINNI?ZUIZHUYAOSHISIXIANGBUMINGQUE,MEIYOUXIANGTOU。MEIYIGEXIANJINRENWUDOUYOUJISHIGE,SHENZHISHANGBAIGESHILI,YONGNAGE,BUYONGNAGE,SIXIANGBUMINGQUEJIUWUFAXUANZE,JIUHUIBEIMAIZAICAILIAODUILIWUFABAITUO。WOMENXIETONGXUNSHI,CHANGCHANGYISHANGLAIDUISHANGSHIJIGELIZI,WENZHANGGAODESHIFENRONGZHANG,JINGGUOYIBIANBIANXIUGAI,XUANLAIXUANQUZUIHOUZHISHENGXIASANWUGE、QIBAGELIZI。QITADOUSHIXIEGAIKUODECAILIAOXIUGAIDEGUOCHENG,ZHEIJIUSHIXUANZEDEGUOCHENG,RENSHISHIWUDEGUOCHENG。MEIXIUGAIYICI,DOUKEYISHIWOMENQIANJINYIBU,GENGJIEJINYUSHIWUDEBENZHI。YOUXIETONGZHISHEBUDEDIUDIAOCAILIAO,JUEDEZHEIYEHAO,NEIYEHAO,YOUXIEBIANJISHANQUYIDIANDOUSHEBUDE。WOZIJIYOUZHEIGETIHUI:LIZIDUOLE,RONGYIBEIMAIZAILITOU,TIAOBUCHULAI。LINGWAI,YOUDERENMEIYOUCANJIACAIFANG,ZHISHIGEDUZHE,BIJIAOKEGUAN,NENGGOUTICHUYIXIEHENHAODEYIJIAN,TINGTINGTAMENDEJIANJIEHENYOUHAOCHU。

    2、YAOJINGLIAN,YAOYOUQIANCHUIBAILIANDEJINGSHEN。

    XIEHAOTONGXUN,ZHEISHIYIGUAN。ZHEIGEWENTIHEQIANMIANDEWENTISHILIANXIZHEDE。XIANGTOULE,ZHUTIMINGQUELE,CAIYOUKENENGZUODAOJINGLIAN。FOUZEJINGBUXIALAI。JINGLIANBAOKUOLIANGGEYISI:YISHIJINGJIANJIEGOU,YISHIJINGLIANWENZI。GURENYOUJUHUAJIAO“LIZHUNAO,JIANTOUXU”,YISIJIUSHITUCHUSIXIANG,JINGJIANJIEGOU。WOMENXIEWENZHANGDETONGBINGSHITOUXUTAIDUO,MIANMIANJUDAO。YIGEXIANJINRENWUDESHIJISHIDUOFANGMIANDE,BUKENENGMIANMIANDOUXIEDAO。YIDINGYAOCONGXUDUO“MIAN”ZHONG,ZHAOCHUZUIZHUYAODEFANGMIANBATAXIEHAO,ZHEIYANGJIUTUCHULE。

    JINGLIANWENZIJIUSHIYAOBAKEYOUKEWUDEZIJUDOUSHANDIAO。XUEHUIYONGZUIJINGLIANDEYUYAN,BIAODAZUISHENKE,ZUISHENGDONGDENEIRONG。SUHUAJIANG:“YOUHUAZEZHANG,WUHUAZEDUAN”。ZHEIHUASHUOQILAIRONGYI,ZUOQILAIQUEHENNAN。YOUDERENYOUHUAWUHUADOULADEHENZHANG。YUANYINCHULEDUIDIANXINGCAILIAOMEIYOUCHITOUWAI,HAIYOUYITIAO,JIUSHIDUIDUZHEDELIJIELIQUEFAYINGYOUDEXINREN。YIJIANSHIBENLAILIANGJUHUAJIUSHUOMINGBAILE,PIANYAOZAINEILIDIEDIEBUXIUDISHUOGEMEIWAN,SHENGPADUZHEBUDONG。XIEWENZHANGYINGGAISHI“YANYIJIN,YIWUQIONG”,LIUYOUYUDI,JIRENYIQIFA。ERWOMENXIANZAIYOUXIEWENZHANGSHIDAOGUOLAILE,SHI“YIYIJIN,YANWUQIONG”,LUOLILUOSUO,MEIWANMEILE,WOMENZAIXIEZUOZHONGYAOKEFU。

    3、YAOYOUBIYAODEXINGXIANGMIAOXIEHEFUHE“SANXING”YAOQIUDEYUYAN。

    SHANGMIANJIANGGUO,BAOGAOWENXUEYAOYOURENWUXINGXIANG,YAOYOUXINGXIANGSIWEICHENGFEN,ZHEISHIBIBUKESHAODE。SUOWEIXINGXIANGMIAOXIEBUYAOWUJIEWEIYAOXIEHUAYA,CAOYA,YUELIANGYADENGDENG,NEIYANGLIJIESHIHENPIANMIANDE。WOMENSHUODEXINGXIANGZHUYAOZHIDESHIYONGXINGXIANGDESHOUFAXIEREN。ZAIWENXUEZUOPINZHONG,MEIYOUDANDUXIEJINGDE。XIEJINGSHIWEILEXIEREN。BIRUXIEJIAOYULUDETONGXUN,YIKAITOUJIUXIELEHENANLANKAOSHOUHANZAI,LAOZAI,FENGZAIHOUDEJINGXIANG。ZHEIGEXIEJINGJIUSHIWEILEXIEREN,WEILECHENTUOREN,WEILEXIEJIAOYULUSHIZAIYIZHONGSHENMEYANGDEYANJUNQINGKUANGXIALAIDAOLANKAODE,SHIWEILEBADIANXINGRENWUYIKAISHIJIUFANGDAOTEDINGDEMAODUNJIANDUANLAIBIAOXIAN。YONGGUOQUDEHUASHUO,JIAOZUO“FENGKOULANGJIAN”SHANG。XINGXIANGSHIWEILEGENGSHENKEGENGSHENGDONGDIBIAOXIANSHIWUDEBENZHI,ZENGJIABIAOXIANLI。YUNYONGXINGXIANGMIAOXIEYINGDANGSHIZUIJINGJIDE,YOUSHIHOUYIJUXINGXIANGDEHUABINISHUOXUDUOPINGDANWUWEIDEHUAHAIYOULI,HAIGANREN。

    XINGXIANG,YOUXINGXIANGDEGAIKUO,YOUXINGXIANGDEMIAOXIE。SUOWEIXINGXIANGGAIKUO,JIUSHIYONGJIJUHUABIAOXIANRENWUDEHUODONG。WOMENHAIYILIYUEHUATONGXUNWEILILAISHUOMING。TONGXUNZHONGYOUZHEIYANGYIDUAN:“TAXIANGYIBUKAIZUMALIDEMADA,RIRIYEYEBUZHIPIJUANDEGONGZUOZHE。BULUNSHISHANGBAN,HAISHIZAIJIA,BINGJIAYIJIAOJIUCHUZHEN,BINGRENYIDAOJIUKANBING。ZHENGZAICHIFANSHIBAWANYITUIJIUQU,ZHENGZAIWEINAISHI,BAHAIZIYIFANGJIUZOU。TAYEJIANHENSHAOSHUIGUOYIGEANWENJUE,YOUSHIYIYECHUZHENSIWUCI”。ZHEILIMIANJIYOUXUSHU,YEYOUXINGXIANGDEGAIKUO。

    “LIYUEHUAZOULEYIHOU,JIANGDANIANGMUNVLIANGJIDONGDELEILIUBUZHI。DANIANGDUIGUINVSHUO:‘ANHAIZIJINGUI,RENJIAHAIZIBUJINGUIMA?NISHIYUEZILISHIWUTIAN,YUEHUAYUEZILICAIWUTIANNA!KESHIRENJIAMEITINGDAOYIGE‘QING’ZIJIULAILE。GUINV,NIYIBEIZIDOUYAOJIZHU,ZHUXIJIAOYUCHULAIDELIYISHENG,SHINIZUORENDEBANGYANG。’MUNVLIANGSHUODAOTIANMENGMENGLIANG,CAIJIANJIANSHUIZHE。ZHEISHI,MENWAIYOUXIANGQILELIYUEHUAQINQIEDESHENGYIN:‘DANIANG,HAIZIHAOLEMA?’JIANGDANIANGGANMANGKAIMEN,ZHIJIANWAIMIANXUEHUAHAIZAIPIAOZHE,LIYUEHUASHENYEQIANLAIDELIANGXINGJIAOYINHAIMEIGAIMAN,YITIAOXINDEJIAOYINYOUTONGDAOTAJIADEMENQIAN。TALAZHEYUEHUADESHOUSHUO:‘HAOGUINV,JIAOANZENMEGANXIENIA!’”QIZHONG“JIANGDANIANGGANMANGDAKAIMEN,ZHIJIANWAIMIANXUEHUAHAIZAIPIAOZHE,LIYUEHUASHENYEQIANLAIDELIANGXINGJIAOYINHAIMEIGAIMAN,YITIAOXINDEJIAOYINYOUTONGDAOTAJIADEMENQIAN”,ZHEIDUANMIAOXIEHENHAO,HENSHENGDONG,GANRANLIHENQIANG。

    ZAIRUCEMIANMIAOXIE,XIEYIGELAOPINNONGDAOLIYUEHUAMUQIANDEQINGJING:

    “YITIANQINGCHEN,ZHEIWEIQISHIERSUIDELAORENYOUMOMODILAIDAOLIYUEHUAMUDI。TAWEIZHEFENMUZOULEYIQUANYOUYIQUAN,ZHUAQIYIBAFENTU,KANLEYOUKAN,ZUANLEYOUZUAN,BATAJINJINDITIEZAIXINKOUSHANG:‘YUEHUA,HAOGUINV,ANHEANDEQUANJIAYONGYUANWANGBULENI,ANDELIANGGEXIAOSUNZIZHANGDAHOU,YIDINGRANGTAMENXIANGNIYIYANG……’”。ZAIRU“LIYUEHUATONGZHIQUSHIYIHOU,TAFUMUYUANLAIXIANGBATADEYITIYUNHUIYUANJIANZANG,KEDINGHURENMINKENQIULIANGWEILAOREN:‘LIYISHENGSHIWEIANDINGHUPINXIAZHONGNONGLEISIDE,HAISHIBATAZANGZAIDINGHUBA!RANGTAYONGYUANHEWOMENZAIYIQI,RANGTAQUANXINQUANYIWEIRENMINFUWUDEJINGSHEN,YONGYUANJIAOYUZHEANMENDEXIAYIDAI!’LIYUEHUADEFENMU,XIANZAIZAIDINGHUCUNDONGKOUDEGAODISHANG。LAIZHEILIZHIAIDEREN,CONGTAQUSHIYIHOU,YIGEDUOYUELIYIZHILUOYIBUJUE。RENMENZAIMUQIANFANGXIAYIPANPANHUAQUAN,LIUXIALEYIKEKEHUAINIANDEXIN”。

    ZHEILIMIANYOUXINGXIANGXUSHU,YOUXINGXIANGMIAOXIE。MIAOXIEYOUDECONGZHENGMIAN,YOUDECONGCEMIAN,ZHEIYANGDEXINGXIANGMIAOXIEDUIRENWUDEKEHUAQILEHENHAODEZUOYONG。

    LINGWAIJIUSHIYAOYOU“SANXING”YUYAN。“SANXING”JIUSHIMAOZHUXISUOSHUODEZHUNQUEXING、XIANMINGXING、SHENGDONGXING。YAOJINZHISHUODAHUA,KONGHUA,JUEHUA,YOUQIZAI“WENGE”QIJIAN。YOUDEHUASHUODEHEN“XUAN”,XUANDEMEIBIANLE,WEIFANLEKEXUECHANGSHI。SHENME“HUOZHEYIFENZHONG,ZHANDOULIUSHIMIAO”LA,SHENME“YAOBAMAOZEDONGSIXIANGRONGHUAZAIXUEYEZHONG”LADENGDENG,JIAORENBUZHIZENMEQULIJIE。MAOZEDONGSIXIANGZENMENENGRONGHUAZAIXUEYEZHONG?HUOZHEYIFENZHONG,ZHANDOULIUSHIMIAOKENENGMA?ZHEIZHONGYUYANZAINEIGESHIQIHENLIUXING。HAOXIANGHUASHUODEYUEJUEYUEHAO,ZHIDAODUZHEMEIFAZHUOMO,MEIFALIJIELE,JIUDADAOMUDELE,ZHEISHIYIGEHENDADEWENTI。WEILEXIEHAORENWUTONGXUN,WOMENYAOZHUYIXUEXIYUYAN,YAOXIANGQUNZHONGXUEXI,YAOXUEHUIYONGZHIGONGQUNZHONGDEYUYAN,BIAODATAMENDESIXIANGGANQING。GUOQUYIXIEHAODERENWUTONGXUN,YOUXUDUOHENHAODEQUNZHONGYUYAN,JIRENLIUXIALESHENKEDEYINXIANG。BIRU:YANGSHUICAIDE“XIAOCHEBUDAOZHIGUANTUI”,JIAOYULUDE“CHIBIERENJIAOGUODEMOMEIWEIDAO”,HAIYOUDETONGXUNZHONG“YIBAYAOCHIKAIYIBASUO”,“YIGENZHENBUNENGLIANGJIAN”DENGDENG,DOUFEICHANGSHENGDONG。4、GUANYUWENZHANGDEKAITOUHEJIEWEI

    BAOZHISHANGFABIAODETONGXUN,YINPIANFUGUANXI,YIBANDOUBIJIAODUAN(ZHIDUOSHUERYAN),TABUXIANGNIXIEZHANGPIANXIAOSHUO,YIBANDIYAOQIUKAIMENJIANSHAN,YIKAISHIJIUBAMAODUNBAICHULAI,ZHEIYANGBIJIAOHAO。XIERENWUTONGXUN,RENWUYICHUCHANGZUIHAOJIUJINRUMAODUN,BUYAOLUOLILUOSUORAOQUANZI,XIEDEHENZHANGHENZHANG,YONGJIZHEDEZHUANYONGYUJIAOZUO“PIBOYIDIAN”,BUNENGXIANGYOUDEZHANGPIANXIAOSHUO,FANGUOSHIJIERSHIYERENWUCAICHULAI。ZHEILISHUOKAITOUZUIHAOKAIMENJIANSHAN,NEIMEJIEWEINI?JIEWEIYAOSHIKEERZHI,LIUYOUYUDI,JIESHUDEGANJINGLISUO。YOUWEIGAODIANYINGCHUANGZUODETONGZHISHUOGUO:“DIANYINGJUBENZHONGDEDUIHUA,CHAOGUOSANXINGZINIJIUYAOKAOLVNISHIBUSHIDUIGUANZHONGFUZE!”DIANYINGSHIZHEIYANG,XIETONGXUNYEYINGGAISHIZHEIYANG,BUYAOGAOZHANGPIANDUIHUA,BUYAOCHUANXUEDAIMAO。

    WOMENMEIXIEYIPIANRENWUTONGXUN,DOUBATAZUOWEIYICICHUANGZUOLAIKANDAI,BUGUANZAINEIRONGHEZAIXINGSHISHANGDOUBUYAO“CHIBIERENJIAOGUODEMO”。XUEXIHEJIEJIANBIERENDE,DANGENGYAOCHUANGZAOWOMENZIJIDEXINDEBIAOXIANXINGSHI。XIADINGJUEXIN,XIECHUWUKUIYUWOMENWEIDASHIDAIDEHAOTONGXUNHAOWENZHANGLAI。YAOZUODAOZHEIYIDIAN,JIUYAOHENHAODIXUEXI、HENHAODISHENRUSHENGHUO,CHONGSHIZIJI,KEFU“KONGXUBING”。YAOKEKUXUEXIYEWU,JIAQIANGJIBENGONGXUNLIAN。YOUDEMEITIGUOQUZAIJIZHEZHONGTICHANGLIANJIBENGONG,GAOJIBENJIANSHE,BAOKUOJILEISUCAI,SHOUJIQUNZHONGYUHUI,JIANCHIJIRIJI,JIANCHILIANBI。YIGUDEZUOJIALAOSHEYOUYIGEXIGUAN,JISHINIANLAITAMEITIANDOUJIANCHILIANBI,YITIANXIESANWUBAIZI,HUOSHIRENWUSUMIAO,HUOSHIJIANWENLU,HUOSHIZAGAN、SUIBI,XINGSHIBUJU,DANMEITIANJIANCHI。LAOSHENENGGOUXIECHUNEIMEDUOHAOZUOPINLAI,YUTADEQINFENSHIFENBUKAIDE。WOMENYAONULIXUEXI,QINFENGONGZUO,ZHENGQUZUOYIGECHENGZHIDEXINWENGONGZUOZHE。

 

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