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怎么写活一个先进人物典型?
2011-08-24 10:48:38   来源:本站原创   评论:0 点击:

一、人物通讯的写作技巧: 人物通讯是以报道人物为主要内容的通讯。这类通讯可以说是最常见的。特别是一些以报道先进人物的先进事迹和先进思想为内容的通讯,常常占有报刊的主要篇幅。人物通讯所报道的人物具有特定性,他们往往具有较高的新闻价值。既可以

YI、RENWUTONGXUNDEXIEZUOJIQIAO:

人物通讯是以报道人物为主要内容的通讯。这类通讯可以说是最常见的。特别是一些以报道先进人物的先进事迹和先进思想为内容的通讯,常常占有报刊的主要篇幅。人物通讯所报道的人物具有特定性,他们往往具有较高的新闻价值。既可以是正面的人物,也可以是反面人物,但以正面人物为主。人物通讯写作的基本要求和方法有以下几点:
1、要体现当今的时代特征  人物通讯不同于人物传记,人物通讯有新闻性,它报道的人物,要有时代感,能反映时代的精神和面貌。因此,在写作中,一方面,要努力挖掘人物身上最能体现时代特征的东西;另一方面,要抓住现实生活中人们普遍关心的问题,迫切需要解决的问题,来选择典型、报道典型,使通讯具有强烈的时代气息。
2、要写出人物的特点  写人物通讯的关键是写人,如何把人物写活是人物通讯的重要任务。要把人物写活,首先要抓住人物的特点。一般来说,人物的特点越鲜明,人物的形象就越生动。要写出人物的特点,就要精选典型的情节和细节,没有典型的材料,无论如何都不能把人写活。
3、要用人物的行为表现人物  用人物的行为表现人物,是人物通讯写作中常用的一种表现手法。
4、人物通讯有两种写法  一是对人物一生,或某一个阶段,某一个方面,作比较全面的报道。这样的人物通讯,人物活动和事件发展的时间跨度大,所用的材料比较多,一般情况下篇幅也比较长。还有一种写法是,不对人物作全面的报道,而是抓住某个特定的情景,简单几笔,把人物的精神、特点写出来;或是对人物的精神、特点,作一些侧面的报道。这类通讯又被称为“速写”或“侧记”。

XIEHAORENWUTONGXUNSHIYIMENHENSHENDEXUEWEN,BIZHEJIEHEZIJIDERENSHIHEXIEZUOTIHUI,TANYIXIARENWUTONGXUNXIEZUODESANZHONGGUANXI。

  取与舍的关系
  要想写好人物通讯,第一步就是要进行深入细致的采访,掌握大量的第一手材料。这个过程很重要,但决定成败的是第二步,即主题的确定与新闻素材的取与舍。每位记者都会遇到这样一个问题:当确定写一篇几千字的人物通讯时,可能面对的是几十万甚至上百万字的新闻素材,感觉这个情节很感人、那个情节也很感人,难以取舍,最后写出来的通讯,材料淹没了主题,反而不感人。这方面值得学习的是著名作家魏巍采写的《谁是最可爱的人》,在写作这篇通讯之前,魏巍进行了为期三个月的战地采访,掌握了大量感人的故事和细节,但他只精选了松骨峰战斗、马玉祥烈火中救朝鲜儿童和防空洞中与战士对话三个故事,用最精简的文字、最感人的细节表现了重大主题,收到了良好的宣传效果。
  如何恰当地取舍材料?这主要靠日常的积累和对时代发展主题的宏观把握,练就一双“新闻眼”。最基本的一条原则就是围绕主题取舍材料,凡是与主题有关的,把材料用足用透用活;凡是无关的就大胆放弃。许多人读过著名记者郭梅尼采写的人物通讯《生命的支柱——张海迪之歌》,这篇通讯为什么感人至深?很重要的一点就是材料组织裁剪得当,用生动的细节表现了张海迪身残志坚,有理想、有追求、敢于挑战自己的新时代青年风貌。如为了表现张海迪充满爱心、容易接近的性格特征,他举了小孟方的例子,细致描写,不惜笔墨。哪里该舍哪里该取,哪里该繁哪里该简,一定要心中有数。大众日报记者姜国乐采写的《“三把尺子”量政绩——寿光人眼中的老县委书记王伯祥》获得中国新闻奖三等奖,就是围绕“做出了经得起实践、人民、历史检验的实绩”来组织材料,达到了言简意赅、主题突出的效果。

  事与情的关系
  人物通讯以情感人、以情动人,如果一篇人物通讯不能引起读者的情感共鸣,必定是失败的。这就要求人物通讯在写作上要加入抒情、议论。但作者的感情不能代替读者的感情,有些作者写作时往往喜欢抒情、议论,喜好自己站出来对主人公进行赞美。有时这种过多过滥的抒情、议论不仅不能打动读者,反而有做作之感。一篇优秀的人物通讯一定要处理好叙事和议论的关系,让两者水乳交融。获得第15届中国新闻奖一等奖的《百姓心中的丰碑——追记公安局长的楷模任长霞》,就是一篇饱含作者感情的优秀新闻作品。里面有许多作者的观点和议论,但读起来丝毫没有生硬的感觉,就是因为作者用一个个感人的故事和情节进行串连,以生动的事实打动读者,抒情、议论水到渠成。抒情一定要围绕叙事展开,让事实说话、让事实做铺垫,切实做到抒情因叙事而生色、叙事因抒情而升华。
  情文并茂、文采飞扬,是人物通讯写作的艺术效果。一篇好的人物通讯就是一篇能够传世的经典文学作品。如穆青写作的《县委书记的榜样——焦裕禄》、《为了周总理的嘱托——记农民科学家吴吉昌》等。在某种程度上,人物通讯是使用语言的艺术,比拼的是“文采”,对作品精心修改、用心打磨,这是应该鼓励的。但也有些记者片面追求诗一样的语言、画一样的场景,喜欢出新出奇,喜欢运用形容词、排比句等,让人感到华而不实。毕竟,语言最终还是要为内容服务的,不能喧宾夺主,并且优秀的人物通讯是没有固定的模式的。人物通讯写作的“三种关系”

  XIEHAORENWUTONGXUNSHIYIMENHENSHENDEXUEWEN,BIZHEJIEHEZIJIDERENSHIHEXIEZUOTIHUI,TANYIXIARENWUTONGXUNXIEZUODESANZHONGGUANXI。

  取与舍的关系
  要想写好人物通讯,第一步就是要进行深入细致的采访,掌握大量的第一手材料。这个过程很重要,但决定成败的是第二步,即主题的确定与新闻素材的取与舍。每位记者都会遇到这样一个问题:当确定写一篇几千字的人物通讯时,可能面对的是几十万甚至上百万字的新闻素材,感觉这个情节很感人、那个情节也很感人,难以取舍,最后写出来的通讯,材料淹没了主题,反而不感人。这方面值得学习的是著名作家魏巍采写的《谁是最可爱的人》,在写作这篇通讯之前,魏巍进行了为期三个月的战地采访,掌握了大量感人的故事和细节,但他只精选了松骨峰战斗、马玉祥烈火中救朝鲜儿童和防空洞中与战士对话三个故事,用最精简的文字、最感人的细节表现了重大主题,收到了良好的宣传效果。
  如何恰当地取舍材料?这主要靠日常的积累和对时代发展主题的宏观把握,练就一双“新闻眼”。最基本的一条原则就是围绕主题取舍材料,凡是与主题有关的,把材料用足用透用活;凡是无关的就大胆放弃。许多人读过著名记者郭梅尼采写的人物通讯《生命的支柱——张海迪之歌》,这篇通讯为什么感人至深?很重要的一点就是材料组织裁剪得当,用生动的细节表现了张海迪身残志坚,有理想、有追求、敢于挑战自己的新时代青年风貌。如为了表现张海迪充满爱心、容易接近的性格特征,他举了小孟方的例子,细致描写,不惜笔墨。哪里该舍哪里该取,哪里该繁哪里该简,一定要心中有数。大众日报记者姜国乐采写的《“三把尺子”量政绩——寿光人眼中的老县委书记王伯祥》获得中国新闻奖三等奖,就是围绕“做出了经得起实践、人民、历史检验的实绩”来组织材料,达到了言简意赅、主题突出的效果。

  事与情的关系
  人物通讯以情感人、以情动人,如果一篇人物通讯不能引起读者的情感共鸣,必定是失败的。这就要求人物通讯在写作上要加入抒情、议论。但作者的感情不能代替读者的感情,有些作者写作时往往喜欢抒情、议论,喜好自己站出来对主人公进行赞美。有时这种过多过滥的抒情、议论不仅不能打动读者,反而有做作之感。一篇优秀的人物通讯一定要处理好叙事和议论的关系,让两者水乳交融。获得第15届中国新闻奖一等奖的《百姓心中的丰碑——追记公安局长的楷模任长霞》,就是一篇饱含作者感情的优秀新闻作品。里面有许多作者的观点和议论,但读起来丝毫没有生硬的感觉,就是因为作者用一个个感人的故事和情节进行串连,以生动的事实打动读者,抒情、议论水到渠成。抒情一定要围绕叙事展开,让事实说话、让事实做铺垫,切实做到抒情因叙事而生色、叙事因抒情而升华。
  情文并茂、文采飞扬,是人物通讯写作的艺术效果。一篇好的人物通讯就是一篇能够传世的经典文学作品。如穆青写作的《县委书记的榜样——焦裕禄》、《为了周总理的嘱托——记农民科学家吴吉昌》等。在某种程度上,人物通讯是使用语言的艺术,比拼的是“文采”,对作品精心修改、用心打磨,这是应该鼓励的。但也有些记者片面追求诗一样的语言、画一样的场景,喜欢出新出奇,喜欢运用形容词、排比句等,让人感到华而不实。毕竟,语言最终还是要为内容服务的,不能喧宾夺主,并且优秀的人物通讯是没有固定的模式的。

  人与景的关系
  人物通讯中往往会有景物描写,出色的景物描写会使文章增色不少,能够使人物形象更加丰满高大。如在《县委书记的榜样——焦裕禄》一文中,就有许多景物描写,“展现在焦裕禄面前的兰考大地,是一幅多么严重的灾荒的景象呵!横贯全境的两条黄河故道,是一眼看不到边的黄沙;片片内涝的洼窝里,结着青色的冰凌;白茫茫的盐碱地上,枯草在寒风中抖动。”这些景物描写有力地衬托了主人公不怕困难、不怕挑战,勇于对人民负责的性格特征。《领导干部的楷模——孔繁森》一文,也有许多出色的景物描写,如,“越野车载着他,向西疾驶而去。车窗外,油画般的高原景色一幕幕掠过:清澈的拉萨河,奔腾的雅鲁藏布江,高耸的雪山,明镜般的湖水……”使读者对西藏的壮丽河山和孔繁森伟大的一生有着深切的感受。总之,景物描写一定要贴切恰当、紧扣主题,不能牵强附会,画蛇添足。
  当然,写景也不单单是自然景物的描写,有时深入细致的工作、生活场景的刻画会起到意想不到的艺术效果。如《公仆本色——追记湖南省委原副书记、省人大常委会原副主任郑培民同志》中就有许多这方面的刻画,“妻子去湘西看他,一进屋,地上扔的是一双粘满泥巴的胶鞋,唯一一套出国时置办的西装,在柜子里已被虫子蛀满了洞。”这些生活细节就很好地表现了主人公清廉为民的高大形象。总之,写景是为写人服务的,景物、场景的描写一定要恰当、贴切,不能出现为写景而写景的情况。
  (来源:青年记者 作者:杨德林)

  人与景的关系
  人物通讯中往往会有景物描写,出色的景物描写会使文章增色不少,能够使人物形象更加丰满高大。如在《县委书记的榜样——焦裕禄》一文中,就有许多景物描写,“展现在焦裕禄面前的兰考大地,是一幅多么严重的灾荒的景象呵!横贯全境的两条黄河故道,是一眼看不到边的黄沙;片片内涝的洼窝里,结着青色的冰凌;白茫茫的盐碱地上,枯草在寒风中抖动。”这些景物描写有力地衬托了主人公不怕困难、不怕挑战,勇于对人民负责的性格特征。《领导干部的楷模——孔繁森》一文,也有许多出色的景物描写,如,“越野车载着他,向西疾驶而去。车窗外,油画般的高原景色一幕幕掠过:清澈的拉萨河,奔腾的雅鲁藏布江,高耸的雪山,明镜般的湖水……”使读者对西藏的壮丽河山和孔繁森伟大的一生有着深切的感受。总之,景物描写一定要贴切恰当、紧扣主题,不能牵强附会,画蛇添足。
  当然,写景也不单单是自然景物的描写,有时深入细致的工作、生活场景的刻画会起到意想不到的艺术效果。如《公仆本色——追记湖南省委原副书记、省人大常委会原副主任郑培民同志》中就有许多这方面的刻画,“妻子去湘西看他,一进屋,地上扔的是一双粘满泥巴的胶鞋,唯一一套出国时置办的西装,在柜子里已被虫子蛀满了洞。”这些生活细节就很好地表现了主人公清廉为民的高大形象。总之,写景是为写人服务的,景物、场景的描写一定要恰当、贴切,不能出现为写景而写景的情况。

ER、RENWUZHUANFANGDEXIEZUOJIQIAO:    

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  BIZHERENWEIMUQIANJIZHEZAITIWENZHONGRONGYICHUXIANYIXIAJIDIANBUZU:

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  BEICAIFANGDUIXIANGRONGYICHUXIANXIAMIANJIZHONGQINGKUANG:

    YI、ZHUGUANSHANGSHIPEIHECAIFANGDE,DANQUEYOUYUJINZHANGHUOJIDONGZONGSHIKAIBULEKOU。LAIZIJICENGDENONGMUMIN、GONGRENRONGYICHUXIANZHEIZHONGXIANXIANG。

    ER、XIAOJIYINGFUCAIFANG。SUIRANKAILEKOU,QUEZONGSHIPIANLIZHUTI,HUOYOUYISHIDIHUIBIJIZHEMOUXIEMINGANWENTI。

    SANSHICAIFANGDUIXIANGQIANYINZHEJIZHEPAO,BEICAIFANGZHEXINMAYOUJIANG,YIXIEQIANLIDIJIANGXIAQU,JIZHEBUNENGKONGZHIJUMIAN,CAIFANGFEILEBUSHAOSHIJIAN,KANSIJILEYIDADUI,YAOYONGDEQUEBUDUO,JIFEISHIYOUFEILI。

  ZHENDUIYISHANGYIXIEBUZUHEWENTI,BIZHEYIJUZIJIFUQIANDEJINGYAN,TICHUYIXIAJIDIANJIANYI,GONGTONGXINGTANTAO。

  YI、SHIXIANWEIRAOZHUTISHEJIYIXIEZHONGYAOWENTI。ZAICAIFANGGUOCHENGZHONG,JIZHEYAOQUELIZHUTI,WEIRAOZHUTISHIXIANJINGXINSHEJIJIGEWENTI。YIXIEWENTIKEYIXIANCHANGFAHUI,DANGUANJIANDEWENTIYIDINGYAOZUOZHUNBEI。JIZHEZAICAIFANGQIANZHUTIMINGQUEJIKEBAOZHENGCAIFANGYOUDEFANGSHI,YENENGJIANSHAOSHIJIANLANGFEI。JIZHEBIXUYAOYOUJIGEZHIBENZHUTIDEWENTI,SHIXIANYAOYOUCHONGFENDEGUJI,BUDAWUZHUNBEIZHIZHAN。YOUXIEKOUCAIBUTAIHAODEJIZHE,YONGZHEIZHONGFANGFA,XIAOGUOGENGHAO。YISHIKEYIZUODAOXINZHONGYOUDI,LINZHENBUHUIHUANGLUAN。ERSHIYEKEYISHIXIANLIANXIWENHUA。JIGEWENTIQISHIYEJIUSHICAIFANGDEDAGANGHESILU。YOUZHUYUJIZHEKONGZHIJUMIAN,BACAIFANGZHEYINDAOZHUTISHANGLAI。BIZHEZAICAIFANGYIGESHANGJIENVQIANGRENSHI,ZHEIGENVQIYEJIAJIANDUOSHIGUANG,BIAOXIANYUWANGHENQIANG,HUAHENDUOQUEZONGPAOTI。BIZHESHIXIANSHEJIDEJIGEWENTIJIUYONGSHANGLE,YIPAOTI,JIUYONGYIGEWENTIBATAWENHUILAI。

  ER、YONGNEIXINGHUATIWEN。XINGJIASHENSHENSHOU,JIUZHIYOUMEIYOU。JIZHEZHANGZUIYIWEN,BEICAIFANGZHEJIUNENGTINGCHULAI,NIDUITADESHIQINGLEJIEBULEJIE,NIDUITADEGONGZUORENSHICHENGDUYOUDUOGAO。JIZHEWENWAIXINGHUA,HENNANHUODEBEICAIFANGZHEDERENTONG,YEJIUWUCONGSHENTAN,JIZHEYEJIUNANYITANXUNDAOBEICAIFANGZHEDENEIXINSHIJIE。JIZHEYAOYUCAIFANGDUIXIANGJIAOPENGYOU,CHUJITAZUIMINGANDESHENJING,TANSUOQIXINLING。ZUIRONGYIZHAODEGONGTONGYUYANJIUSHICAIFANGDUIXIANGDEXINGYEHUATI。ZHEIDUIYUCAIFANGXINGGENEIXIANG、MIANTIAN、YOUDANQIEXINLI、BUYIKAIKOUDECAIFANGDUIXIANGYOUXIAOGUO。JIZHEKEYITIWENYIXIETASUOSHUXIDEHUATILAIYINDAOTAKAIKOU,ZUIJIANDANJIUSHIHENONGMINTANTADEZHUANGJIASHILESHENMEFEI;HEMUMINTANCHANLEJIZHIDONGGAO;HESIJITANCHEDEXINGHAOXINGNENG。DANGRANQIANWANBUNENGBUDONGZHUANGDONG,MAOCHONGNEIXING。RUJIZHECAIFANGXIAGANGZAIJIUYEDIANXING,CAIFANGDUIXIANGSHIZUOZHENZHIPINDE。BIZHEYIQIANCENGZHANGQICAIFANGFANGZHIXINGYE,DUIZHENZHIJIAOWEILEJIE,CAIFANGSHISHUNKOUSHUOCHUANLUN、XILUOWENZHEN、YUANXINGZHIJIDENGZHUANYEYONGCI,RANGCAIFANGDUIXIANGHENJINGXI。TARENWEIDUITADEXINGYEHENKANZHONG,WUXINGZHONGSUOXIAOLEXINLIJULI。ZHEICIDECAIFANGYONGLE8GEXIAOSHI,CAIFANGDUIXIANGBAXIANGSHUODEBUXIANGSHUODEDOUSHUOLECHULAI,QINGKUANGZHANGWODEXI、QUAN,TONGXUNXIECHULAIJIUZHEN、YOUGANRANLI。

  SAN、TIWENQINGSONGHUATI,ANDINGCAIFANGDUIXIANGQINGXU。DUIYIXIEYOUYUJIDONGHUOJINZHANGBUNENGHENKUAIJINRUZHUANGTAIDECAIFANGDUIXIANG,WEILERANGTAMENQINGXUANDINGXIALAI,JIZHEKEYIXIANTANYUZHUTIWUGUANERYOUQINGSONGDEHUATI。TONGGUOQINGSONGHUATIRANGDUIFANGFANGSONGQINGXU,JINKUAISUODUANLIANGRENZHIJIANDEXINLIJULI。YIPENHUA、YIDUANJINGLI,DUIYIGEWENTIDEKANFA,HUODUIFANGDEXINGQUAIHAODOUKEYICHENGWEITIWENDEHUATI。BIZHEZAICAIFANGZHONGCHANGCAIYONGZHEIZHONGFANGFA。YOUCICAIFANGYIWEIYINGYONGXISHENGDEJINGCHAQIZI,JINGSAOXINQINGZONGPINGJINGBUXIALAI,BIZHEJIUWENYOUGUANTAMENNVERDESHIQING,CONGNIANLINGWENDAONVERDUIFUQINDESIRUHESHUODE、RUHEXIANGDE。RANHOUJIUYINDAOLECAIFANGDEZHUXIANSHANGLAI。ZAICAIFANGCANJIYINLEJIAFANGFANG(GUOJIDAJIANGHUODEZHE)SHI,TAYINWEIFANGANCAIFANG,JIAZHIJINZHANG,CAIFANGWUFAJINXING。BIZHEJIUWENGUDIANJITAYUMINYAOJITADEBUTONGDENGTASUOSHUXIDEWENTI,SHITAFANGSONG。

  SI、DUIHUIBICAIFANGDE,YITIWENDUIFANGGANXINGQUDEWENTI,YOUDAOQIPEIHECAIFANG。YONGLAOHUASHUO,CAIFANGYESHIGONGFUZAISHIWAI。FENGFUDEZHISHIDEQUEYOUZHUYUCAIFANG。BIZHEZAICAIFANGYIGERUIYIGAIGEDEQUANGUOXIANJINFAYUANYUANZHANGSHI,YUANZHANGPAXUANCHUANZIJIYINGXIANGBUHAO,BIZHESHIXIANLEJIEBEICAIFANGZHEGUWENZAOYIHENSHEN,DUIFAJIASIXIANGHEJUNSHIHENYOUYANJIU,JIUWENTADUIHANFEIZI、XUNZI、SHANGYANGHE《LVSHICHUNQIU》DEPINGJIA,TONGGUODUISHANGYANG“QINGZUIZHONGPANZHONGZUIBUJIANGZHIYE”DEKANFA,ZIRANERRANTAJIUTANDAOLETAJINXINGDEGAIGE。CAIFANGJINXINGXIAQULE,BINGGAIBIANLECAIFANGDUIXIANGDETAIDU。YUANZHIXIANBANGEXIAOSHIDECAIFANGSHIJIAN,BUZHIBUJUEYANZHANGDAOWUGEXIAOSHI。

  WU、ZAITIWENSHIJIANGUSHUANGFANG,WENSHOUZHONGXIANGZHIDAODEWENTI。JIZHEZAICAIFANGRENWUZHIQIANZONGYAORENZHENSIKAO。YAOZHANZAIDUZHEDEJIAODUXIANG,XIANGDUZHEXIANGZHIDAOZHEIGERENWUDESHENME,HUIDUITADENAXIEGANXINGQU。ZHIYOUXINZHONGXIANGZHEDUZHE,DUZHECAIHUIXIHUANKANNIXIEDEWENZHANG。TONGYANG,YEYAOZHANZAICAIFANGDUIXIANGJIAODUKAOLV:TAXIANGYAOGAOSUDUZHEXIESHENME,TAYOUSHENMEHAODEJINGYANHESHANGUANGDEDONGXIDUIDUZHEYOUQIDI。ZHIYOULIANGFANGMIANDOUXIANGDAOLE,JIZHETIDEWENTICAIHUIRANGSHUANGFANGDOUGANXINGQU。HAIYAOZHUYIBAOHUCAIFANGDUIXIANGDEYINSI,BUYAOWENCUSU、LIEQIYUZHUTIWUGUANDEWENTI。

  LIU、JIZHETIWENTAIDUYAOZHENCHENG、KEGUAN、BUDAIGERENQINGXIANG。BUYAOTIYOUTISHIZUOYONGDEWENTI,YIMIANYOUDAOHUOXIANZHIDUIFANGDEHUIDA。TIWENDUOYONGTANTAOSHI、SHANGLIANGSHIERBUYAOYONGSHENGYINGDE、SHENPANDEKOUQI。TIWENFANGSHIGENJUBUTONGDUIXIANGCAIYONGZHENGWEN、FANWEN、YINDAO、JIJIANGDENG。JIZHEYUCAIFANGDUIXIANGDAJIAODAOYAOSHIKEJIZHEPINJIANBUQI、FUGUIBUMEI,TIWENYUQIYAOPINGHE,HUAYUYAOZHENCHENG,BUNENGYOUXUNCHI、CHAOXIAODECHENGFEN。

  QI、TIWENYAOKAIMENJIANSHAN,TIWENYUYAOJIANMINGEYAO,YITINGYIDONG。TIWENYUYAOYONGKAIFANGSHIDE,DUOYONGZENMEYANG、SHENME、RUHEDENGZIYAN,JIDUIFANGYIGUANGKUODEHUIDAKONGJIAN。BUYAOXIANGFAGUANSHENPANYIYANGWEN:“SHI,HAISHIBUSHI。”TIWENYUYAOZHUYIJUTI,KEBADAWENTIFENCHENGJIGEXIAOWENTI。BIRUWENYIGENONGMIN:“NIZHIDAOZENYANGWEIHUXIAOFEIZHELIYIMA?”JIUKEYIFENCHENG:“NIZHOUWEIDERENMAIGUOJIAMAOWEILIEDEDONGXIMA?”“MAILEZENMEBANDE?DAONAQUZHAO?ZHAOSHEI?”

  BA、TIWENYUYAOZHUYI“WUBUYONG”:BUYONGZHANGJU、BUYONGDAOZHUANGJU、BUYONGFOUDINGYUQITIWEN、BUYONGYOUQIYIDEHUATIWEN,ZAITIWENSHIBUYAOSHENGZAOCIYU、RENYIGAIYONGZHUANYONGMINGCI。XUEHUIDUOYONGKOUYU,ZHANGJUFENCHENGDUANJULAIWEN。

  JIU、SHIDANGSHIYONGXIEJIJIANGFA。CHONGFENFAHUIJIJIANGDEZUOYONG。YONGYOUFENLIANGDEJIANRUITIWENSHIYIXIEHUIBIZHUTIDECAIFANGZHEBUDEBUZHIMIANHUIDA。CHENGGONGDECAIFANG,SUOTIWENTIBUNENGRENYUNYIYUN,YEBUYAOTIYIBANXINGDEWENTI,YOUYITUCHUQIJIANRUIDEYIMIAN。YOUFENLIANGWENTISHIJIZHESHUIPINGDEYIGETIXIAN。MINGJIZHEFALAQIJIUSHIYITIWENJIANRUIJINHUTIAOXINERWENMINGDE。BIZHEZAICAIFANGYIZHILIYUGAIBIANDEMOUDANWEILINGDAOSHI,TICHU:“NIYONGZHEIZHONGQIANGZHIXINGDESHOUDUANLAITUIXINGGAIGE,QUNZHONGHUIGAONIZHUANZHIQIANGQUAN,YEXUYIHOUHUIYINGXIANGNIDEZHENGZHIQIANTU,NIYOUKENENGHUICHENGWEIXISHENGPIN,NIDUICIZENMEKAN?”ZHEIGEWENTIYIXIAJIUYINQILEGAILINGDAODEZHONGSHIHEXINGQU。CAIFANGWANHOU,TASHUO:“BENLAIXIANGYINGFUYIXIA,NIANNIANCAILIAOJIUWANLE,KENIDEWENTIBUDEBURANGWOSHUOHUALE。”ERZAICAIFANGYIWEIYOUZHENGYIDEQIYEJIASHI,BIZHEZHIYANBUHUIDIWEN:“RENMENDUINIDEPINGJIASHIHUIYUCANBAN,NIDUICIZENMEKAN,NIDUIZIJIRUHEPINGJIA。”ZHEIGEWENTIDAKAILECAIFANGDUIXIANGDEHUAXIAZI,YESIKAILETADEFANGHUYI。HOULAICAIFANGDUIXIANGSHUO:“NISHIDIYIGESHEJIDAOZHEIYIWENTIDE,WOYIXIAJIUJUEDENIDUIWOHENLEJIE,ERQIESHIGONGZHENGPINGDENGDIDUIDAIWO。”

  XIEYIPIANYOUXUEYOUROU、XIANHUODERENWUZHUANFANGSHICAIXIEZHEDEMUBIAO,YAOSHIXIANZHEIGEMUBIAO,ZUOHAOTIWENSHIGUANJIAN。WENTIWENHAOLE,DIYIBUJIUZOUHAOLE,LIMUBIAOYEJIUJINLE。      

 

《RENWUZHUANFANG“YITAIXI”》

    ZHEILISUOSHUODE“YITAIXI”,SHIZHIRENWUZHUANFANGDEZUOZHEYAOXIANGDAOYANYIYANGQUYINDAOZUOWEIZHUJIAODECAIFANGDUIXIANGJIZUOWEIPEIJIAODECAIFANGDUIXIANGSHENBIANRENDEQUANGUOCHENG。

    RANER,MUQIANMEITISHANGDEYOUXIERENWUZHUANFANG,SUIRANZAIBIAOTISHANGBIAOYOU“FANG×××”DEZIYANG,HUOZHEZAIWENZHANGSHANGDACHULE“RENWUZHUANFANG”LANMUDEZIYANG,DANTONGDUQUANWENJIUHUIFAXIAN,WENZHANGMEIYOUHUOQUEFARENWUZHUANFANGDEWEIDAO,GENBENCHENGBUSHANGRENWUZHUANFANG,ZHINENGSHUOSHI“GUAPAI”DEZHUANFANG。CHUXIANZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGDEGENBENYUANYINZAIYUZUOZHEMEIYOUYINDAOHAOCAIFANGDUIXIANG,HUOZHESHUOZUOZHEQUEFAYINDAOCAIFANGDUIXIANGDEYISHU。JUTIBIAOXIANZAI,YOUDEZUOZHEZHIZAIWENZHANGDEKAITOULUMIAN,ERQIEHAISHIHENCHENGSHIHUADIBIAOXIANZIJI,YIBANWEI“×YUE×RI,BIZHEZAI×××CAIFANGLE×××”。CHUCIZHIWAI,WENZHANGDEQIYUBUFENJIUZAIYEJIANBUDAOZUOZHELE。HENXIANRAN,ZUOZHEZHIBAZIJIDANGCHENGLEYIGEYOUTOU,ERMEIYOUBAZIJIDANGCHENGDAOYAN,GENGTANBUSHANGYINDAOYISHULE。YINERXIECHUDEWENZHANGXIANGSHIRENWUJIANJIE。YOUDEZUOZHEZAIWENZHANGZHONGLUMIANCISHUYOUPIANDUO,YOUXUANBINDUOZHUZHIXIAN,QIEYINDAODESHENGYING,ZHEIZHONGYINDAOMOSHIYIBANWEI:ZUOZHEWEN,CAIFANGDUIXIANGDA。YINERWENZHANGTONGPIANSHIDUIHUA,PINGDANFANWEI。

    MUQIANMEITISHANGXIEDECHENGGONGDERENWUZHUANFANGYEBUSHAOJIAN。RU《ZHANGSHAWANBAO》1997NIAN11YUE23RIKANDENGDE《DINGCONGBULAO》(FUHOU),CONGWAIBIAOLAIKAN,SUISHUOZAIBIAOTISHANGMEIYOU“FANG”DEZIYANG,YEMEIYOUDACHU“ZHUANFANG”DELANMU,DANZHEISHIYIPIANSHISHIZAIZAIDERENWUZHUANFANG,SHIYIPIANKEYIZUOWEIFANWENDERENWUZHUANFANG。SUHUASHUO,QIFENCAI,SANFENXIE。ZHEIPIANZHUANFANGYUQISHUOXIEDECHENGGONG,HAIBURUSHUOCAIFANGDECHENGGONG。

    HENXIANRAN,ZHEIPIANRENWUZHUANFANGDEZUOZHELIYINGZONGBAZIJIDANGCHENGLEDAOYAN。ZUOZHECAIFANGZHUMINGMANHUAJIADINGCONGSHI,XIANCONGDINGLAODEJIANKANGTANQI。ZUOWEIDANGSHIYINIANGUOBAXUNDEDINGLAOLAISHUO,ZIRANHENLEYITANZHEIGEWENTI。ZHEIJIUZHAODAOLEDAKAIDINGLAOHUAXIAZIDETUPOKOU。JIEXIALAI,ZUOZHEYUDINGLAOTANQILEAIHAO,TANDAOLEFENGCIYUYOUMODENG。YUCAIFANGDUIXIANGJIAOTAN,SHIRENWUZHUANFANGZHONGDEYIGEZHONGYAOYINDAOFANGFA。ZHEIZHONGFANGFAWEIZHIYUYANYINDAO。ZUILINGRENPAIANJIAOJUEDESHI,ZUOZHEZAIYUDINGLAOTANYOUMOZHIQIAN,NACHULEYIBENYOUDINGLAODANGGUWENDE《ZHONGGUODANGDAIMANHUAJIACIDIAN》YISHUQINGDINGLAOQIANMING。ZHEIWEIZHIXINGWEIYINDAO,SHIRENWUZHUANFANGZHONGDEYOUYIGEZHONGYAOYINDAOFANGFA。YOUYUZUOZHEYINDAOCHENGGONG,BUJINDAKAILEDINGLAOZHEIWEIZHUJIAODEHUAXIAZI,ERQIEHAIYINDELEZUOWEIPEIJIAODEDINGLAODEFURENBUSHIDECHAHUA。ZHEIDOUSHIRENWUZHUANFANGZHONGZUOZHESUOQIPANDE。YIBANQINGKUANGXIA,YOULEZHUJIAODEYANXING,RENWUZHUANFANGJIBENSHANGJIUNENGXIECHULAILE。RUGUOYOUZHUJIAODEYANXING,YOUPEIJIAODEYANXING,HAIYOUZUOZHEDEYANXING,NEIMEJIUNENGXIECHUGENGSHENGDONGDERENWUZHUANFANGLAILE。ZUOZHEZAIYINDAODINGLAOJIQIFURENDETONGSHI,HAIGUANCHALEDANGSHIDEQINGJINGJIDINGLAODERONGMAO。YINERZHEIPIANRENWUZHUANFANGYOUZUOZHETIWEN、XINGDONGDEXUSHUJIDINGLAOCONGSHIMANHUACHUANGZUODEXUSHU;YOUDINGLAOXIAOXIANG、YUYAN、DONGZUODEMIAOXIEJIDINGLAOFURENYUYANDEMIAOXIE;YOUDUIDINGLAOSHUQINGSHIDEYILUN。WENZHANGWULUNCONGNEIRONGSHANGKAN,HAISHICONGBIAODAFANGSHISHANGKAN,DOUSHIFENGFUDUOCAIDE。

    CONGYISHANGFENXIKEZHI,YAOXIEHAORENWUZHUANFANG,SHOUXIANBIXUCAIFANGHAORENWU。ZAICAIFANGRENWUDEGUOCHENGZHONG,ZUOZHEYAOBACAIFANGKANZUOSHIPAIYANYITAIXI,YAOYOUYISHIDIBAZIJIDANGCHENGDAOYAN,YAOYOUYISHIDIBACAIFANGDUIXIANGDANGCHENGZHUJIAO,YAOYOUYISHIDIBACAIFANGDUIXIANGSHENBIANDERENDANGCHENGPEIJIAO。ZUOZHEYAOCAIYONGYUYANHEXINGDONGZHEILIANGZHONGFANGSHIQUYINDAOZHUJIAOHEPEIJIAO,BINGYONGBISHEXIAZHUJIAO、PEIJIAODEXIAOXIANG、YANXINGJIDANGSHIDECHANGJING。CIWAI,ZAIHOUQIJIAGONGDECHENGWENGUOCHENGZHONG,HAIYAOZHUYIZONGHEYUNYONGMIAOXIE、XUSHU、SHUQING、YILUNDENGBIAODAFANGFA。RUGUOJIBENSHANGNENGZUODAOZHEIXIE,YIDINGNENGXIECHUDUZHEAIKANDERENWUZHUANFANG。

RANER,RENWUZHUANFANGDECAIXIE,YEMEIYOUYICHENGBUBIANDEMOSHI,YAOJUTIQINGKUANGJUTIDUIDAI。

[FU]《DINGCONGBULAO》

    10YUEXIAOYANGCHUNDEHEXUYANGGUANG,SAMANCHENGSHIDEMEIYIGEJIAOLUO,POYOU“CHUNNUAN”DEGANJUE。DANGWOMENZAIFENGLINBINGUANBAIFANGZHUMINGMANHUAJIADINGCONGSHI,GENGYOU“RUMUCHUNFENG”DETIHUI。YIJIANMIANDINGLAOJIMANGRANGZUO,TADEFURENSHENDAJIEWEIWOMENQISHANGCONGHANGZHOUDAILAIDELONGJINGCHA。HUATIZIRANSHICONGDINGLAODEJIANKANGTANQI。

    DINGLAO1916NIANZAISHANGHAICHUSHENG,JINNIANYISHI81SUIDELAOWENG,QUEYIRANYONGYOUYITOUZHENSHIDEHEIFA,MIANSEHONGRUN。WOWENDINGLAO:“NINDEYANGSHENGZHIDAOSHISHENME?YIZHI80BULAO?”DINGLAOLEHEHEDIXIAOZHESHUO:“ZHEIGE,ZHENSHIYOULAOLEWOZHEIWEI‘SIYANGYUAN’!”SHUOZHEYONGSHOUZHIZHIFURENSHENDAJIE。YIJUHUASHUODEDAJIAHONGTANGDAXIAO。

    ZAIJIALI,SHENDAJIESHIMINGFUQISHIDE“JIAZHANG”,LILIWAIWAIMANGGEBUTING。TEBIESHIHUAZHANQIJIAN,DINGLAOYINSHENTIBUSHIZHUYUAN,SHENDAJIEJIALI——HUAZHAN——BINGFANGLUNZHEZHUAN,YINGSHIBANDAOHUAZHANYUANMANJIESHU。

    WOMENXIANGYIJIARENSIDILIAOZHE。WOYOUWENJIDINGLAOYOUHEAIHAO,DINGLAOLANGSHENGXIAODAO:“JIBUYANGMAO,YEBUWEINIAO。”SHENDAJIECHAHUASHUO:“WOYEZHIZHONGDIANCAO,RONGYISIHOUDE。KETAHAIYAOJIASHANGYIGE‘DU’ZILI!”DINGLAOJIEHUAJIESHAO:SHENTONGZHIZAIDESHIXIANRENZHANGLEIZHIWU,HUNSHENYOUCI。TAYOUMODIBUCHONGSHUO:“FANSHUYOUCIDE,DANGRANDOUSHI‘DUCAO’MA。”FANGJIANLIDERENSIHUDOUXINLINGSHENHUI,XIANGSHIDAXIAO。

    CONG50NIANQIANWONIANQINGSHIQI,JIUZHIDAODINGCONGYISHIZHUMINGMANHUAJIA。KANGRIZHANZHENGSHIQI,TADEFENGCIMANHUAYINGXIANGSHENYUAN。1945NIAN,FENGCIGUOMINDANGZHENGFUGUANYUANTANWUFUBAIDE《WUZIDENGKE》,YIJIBUXULAOBAIXINGSHUOHUADE《“LIANGMIN”SUXIANG》,DOUJIRENLIUXIAJISHENKEDEYINXIANG。TACENGZHANGSHIJIANCONGSHIDUOZHONGHUABAODEBIANJIHEWUTAIMEISHUSHEJI。XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIHOU,CENGREN《RENMINHUABAO》SHEFUZONGBIANJI。1957NIANYIHOU,YOUYU“ZHONGSUOZHOUZHIDEYUANYIN”ERZHONGDUANLETADECHUANGZUO,ZHIDAO20DUONIANHOUDE1979NIAN,CAIYOUZHONGXINCHUANGZUOFENGCIMANHUA。QISHI,“XIAODING”ZAOYISHIHUAJIALAOREN,RANER,TAJINGZHENZHENGLAILEGE“QINGCHUNHUANFA”,BUDUANYOUXINZUOWENSHI。1980NIANHOU,CHUBANLE《〈AQZHENGCHUAN〉CHAHUA》、《DINGCONGMANHUAXILIE》、《GUQUTU》、《JINQUTU》DENGDENG,XINJINYOUTUICHULE《HUITUSHUANGBAIYU》。ZHEIBENSHUXICHENSIYIXIANSHENGXIEWEN,DINGCONGZUOHUA,YUANSHI《DUSHU》ZAZHIMEIQIDOUDENGDETUWEN,WEIGAISHUZUO《XU》DEYOUWANGMENG、YANWENJING、WANGCHAOWEN、FANGCHENG4WEI。CISHUSUIXIYIGUWENXINGSHIXIECHENG,QUEJUJUDAOZHEJINSHI,NANGUAIDUZHERUCHAO。

    DANGWONACHU《ZHONGGUODANGDAIMANHUAJIACIDIAN》QINGDINGLAOQIANMINGSHI,DINGLAOXIAOZHESHUO:“NIBIEKANZHEI《CIDIAN》SHANGYOUWODEMINGZI,ZHEIZHISHIGUAGEMINGLI。YEBIEKANWOZONGSHIDIYI,YINWEIWOZHEIGE‘DING’ZIBIHUAZUISHAOMA!”TAYIBIANSHUOZHE,YIBIANZAISHUSHANGTIZI。XIEWANWOYIKAN,TAHAIZHENXIESHANGLE“GUAMINGGUWENDINGCONG”NI。DAJIADOUSHUODINGLAOTAIQIANXULE。 pJIEZHE,WOMENYOUTANDAOZENYANGCAIYOUMO、RUHECAINENGYINRENFAXIAO。DINGLAOXIAOXIXIDISHUO:“YIGEQINGZHENGLIANJIEDEGUANYUANZUOBAOGAOJIANGFANFUBAI,RENMENJUEDEZHENGCHANG,BUKEXIAO;RUGUOYIGETANWUSHOUHUIDERENZAITAISHANGDAJIANGQIFANFUBAI,BIANCHANSHENGLELINGRENFAXIAODEXIAOGUO。DANSHI,JINJINLINGRENFAXIAOSHIQIANBODE,ZHENZHENGDEYOUMO,SHIRANGRENXIAOGUOZHIHOUYAOSIKAO,XIANGGUOZHIHOUYAOTANXI,SHENZHIYAOKU。YOUMOYUFENGCI,BIXUZAIXIAOSHENGZHONGZANGZHESHANYIDEJIFENG,QUCIPOE,ERQIEHUAJIEE,ZHEIYANGCAISUANSHICHENGGONGDE。”

    TANJIDINGLAODEBIMING“XIAODING”,DINGLAODEJIESHAOSHI:XIAODING,JIANDANHAOJI、YIXIE,GUOMINDANGSHIQI,BUSHICHENGTIANZHUAZHUANGDINGMA?XIAODING,BIAOSHIBUSHI“ZHUANGDING”,SHIYIGEXIAONANDING,YIJIXIAORENWUZHIYI。TANXIAOJIAN,JINGUANDINGLAORUYIGEXIAOZIBEIYIBANHUANKUAI、HUOYUE,WOMENHAISHIZUNCHENG“DINGLAO”,YINWEI,ZENMESHUOYESHIMIANDUIYIWEI80GAOLINGDEZHANGZHE。

    DINGLAOJUEWULONGZHONGLAOTAI,GENGMEIYOUCHUIMUZHINIANDEQINGXU。TADECHUANGZUOSHINEIMEFENGHOU,DANGRANSHIYUTADESHENGHUOJILEIHEXINGXIANGJILEIJIZHIJIQIAOMOLIANYOUGUAN,NEIZHONGLUHUOCHUNQINGDEJINGJIE,BINGBUSHISHEIDOUNENGDADAODE。  


[先进人物通讯]山村教师演绎人间真爱
 胡艳是幸福的,也是值得骄傲的,因为她是寨子里100多户人家唯一的女大学生。

  RANERXINGFUHEXIYUEZONGSHINEIMEDUANZAN。CANJIAGONGZUOBUJIU,HAIWEITIWEIDAOXINGFUDEXIYUE,HUYANJIUGUOZAODIKUARULEWEIRENZHI“MU”DEXINGLIE。

  ZAICEHENG,RENMENDOUZHIDAOWEIPANGZHONGXINXUEXIAOYOUGEJIAOHUYANDE“NIANQINGMAMA”,FUYUGEGEJIA3GEGUERDEGANRENGUSHI。

  HUYANJIAZHUPUANXIANGAOMIANXIANGGABACUNXIAOTUNPUZU。SHANGSHIJIMO,NEILIHAISHIPINQIONGLUOHOUDEDAIMINGCI,JIAOTONGBUBIAN,XINXIBISAI,DUSHURENBUDUO。ZAIZHEIZHONGELIEDEHUANJINGZHONG,HUYANDAXIAOJIUHENDONGSHI,DUSHUGEWAIYONGGONG。JINGUANXUEXIAOLIJIAYUAN,SHANGZHONGXUESHILUSHANGQUESHAOTONGBAN,DANTAMEIYOUWEISUO,ERSHIJIANQIANGDIWANGQIANZOU。

  2002NIAN6YUE,DANGZHENGZAIDUGAOERDEHUYANQUANLIYIFUXIANGDAXUEMUBIAOCHONGCISHI,JIAZHONGCHUANLAILEEMENG——ERGEHUDENGZHONGZAIGONGDISHANGBUXINGLUOSHUISHENWANG。DANGSHIERGEXIXIAYOULIANGGEBUMANSANSUIAOAODAIBUDEXIAOHAI,ERSAOHAIYOUYUNZAISHEN。ERGESIHOU,YINQITAGEJIEDOUYICHENGHUN,QIEJIATINGPINKUN,GENBENWUXIAGUJIERGELIUXIADEKUNNAN,CANJUJUNLIUJILENIANMAIDUOBINGDESHUANGQIN。MIANDUIPINHANDEJIATINGHEDUZICHENGDANFUYU3GEYOUXIAOHAIZIDEYALI,YIZIBUSHIDEERSAO,ZAIZHANGFUSIHOU,HENXINDIGAIJIALE,QIEYIQUJIUSHIYAOWUYINXUN。

  2004NIAN7YUE,HUYANSHUNLIDIKAOSHANGLEDAXUE,POTIANHUANGCHENGWEIZHAIZILIDESHOUGENVDAXUESHENG。DANYOUYUJIALINIANMAIDEFUMUTUOZHE3GEXIAOHAI,RIZIYIBURONGYI,JIEJIEMENMEIWENHUA,QUESHAOJINGJITOUNAO,RIZIDOUGUODEJINBABADE。

  ZAINEIYAOYUANDEXIAOSHANCUN,RENGDIAONEIZHANGLUQUTONGZHISHUJIUDENGYUXUANZELEQIONGKU。DAXUEQIJIAN,HUYANBANGONGBANDU,LIYONGKEYUDESHIJIANSHANGJIAJIAO、BANGRENFACHUANDAN、DAXIAOGONGDENG,ZHIYAONENGZHUANQIAN,TADOUBUPAKUBUPALEIDILANZHEGAN,SHENGHUOSHANGJIEYISUOSHI,ZHENGLAIDEQIANCHULEYONGYUSHENGHUOFEIHESHUXUEFEIWAI,NENGJIYIFENJIUXIANGJIALIJIYIFEN。

  YOUYULAOJIAFUJINMEIYOUXUEXIAO,FUMUZHIHAOJIANGYIDAORUXUENIANLINGDEDAZHINV,SONGDAOLIJIA8GONGLIYUANDEXIANGLISHANGXUE。YINLUTUYAOYUAN,ZHINVSHANGXUEHENJIANKU,CHENGJIYEHENCHA。

  ERGEQUSHIHOU,SANGEZHINVCHENGLETAMEITIANBIBUKESHAODEQIANGUA。2007NIAN,HUYANDAXUEBIYEZHAODAOLEGONGZUO,CHENGWEIYIMINGTEGANGJIAOSHI。DANTAZHIDAO,NEIGEBIANYUANDEXIANGCUNXUEXIAO,ANDUNHAOZIJIDOUKUNNAN,ZAIDAISHANGSANGEXIAOHAIZENMEXING?KETABIEWUXUANZE,FUMUYIMEINENGLIZAIFUYUSANGESUNNV,TONGSHINEIYANGXIAQUSANGEHAIZIDEQIANCHENGYEJIANGBEIHUIDIAO。YIFANSIXIANGDOUZHENGHOU,TAJUEDINGZAIKUZAINANYEYAOJIANGSANGEZHINVLACHECHENGREN。

  ZHENGDANGTAHUAIZHECHENZHONGDEXINQING,WEIZHINVMENSHOUSHIXINGLIQICHENGNEIYITIAN,WUWAICHUANLAILEYIGESHUXIDESHENGYIN:“YAOMEI,WOJIAZHEIGEYATOU7SUILE,NIYEDAISHANGBA!NEIBIANXUEXIAOTAIYUANLE……”

  SHIYA,GAOCHAOCUNDEDAJIEJIA,FANGYUAN5GONGLIYEMEIXUEXIAO,HAIZISHANGXUENANYA。

  CONGNEITIANQI,TAJIUBIANCHENGLESIGEXIAOHAIDE“MUQIN”。

  DAOXUEXIAODEQIANDUANSHIJIAN,JIANTASHENHOUCHANGTIEZHESIGEXIAOHAI,CHUJIECHUDAOTADETONGSHI,KAIKOUDIYIJUHUAJIUSHI:“NAGESHINIJIADE?”TAZONGSHIWEIXIAOZHESHUO:“DOUSHI”。

  “HUQIANNING,NIMAMALAILE”、“HUQIANLI,NIMAMALAILE”。ZAIXUESHENGYANLI,HUYANJIUSHINEISIGEXIAOHAIDEMAMA。

  ZAIWEIBOSHOURUHETIAOJIANBUBIANDETAXIANG,HUYANYUSIGEXIAOHAIXIANGYIWEIMING,JIANNANDISHENGHUOZHE。

  XIAOLINGDAOSHUO:SINIANLAI,MEIXUEQIKAIXUE,BUGUANYUDAOSHENMEJIEJIARI,HUYANDOUDAIZAIXUEXIAOLI。QISHI,ZUOWEINIANQINGREN,HUYANYEXIANGYUQITATONGSHIYIYANG,GONGZUOZHIYUCHUQUWANWAN,JIAOJIAOPENGYOU,DANTABUNENG。TASHUO:WEIPANGNEIGEDIFANGMEIBANCHE,WAICHUDOUDEDAMODE,WUGERENDEDASANSILIANGCHE,SHAOSHUOYEDEHUAYIBAIYUAN,ZAISHUODAONALIWAN,DAIZHEYIBANGXIAOHAIYEBUSHOURENHUANYING。

  ZAOSHANGQITALAOSHIMEIKESHIKEYISHUILANJUE,DANTABUNENG,JIUSUANSHIXINGQITIAN,YEDEZAOQIWEIHAIZIMENNONGCHIDE。YOUYUWEIPANGMEIDIFANGMAICAI,HUYANJINGCHANGDAOANLONGXIANHUORONGDUZHENGOUMAI。MEIYUEQIANYUYUANGONGZI,WUZHANGZUICHIFAN,JIASHANGQITARICHANGKAIZHI,HUYANJINGCHANGMIANLINQINGHUANGBUJIEDEKUNJING。TAMENKANBUQIDIANSHI,YONGBUQIDIANNAO,YIZHIXIANGMAITAIDIANBINGXIANG,ZHIDAOQUNIANDICAIJIEJUE。WEIPANGSHIYIGEYANZHONGQUESHUIDEYANSHISHANQU,MEINIANCHUXIA,HUYANDETIANMEILIANGJIUDAOLIANGGONGLIYIWAIDEDIFANGQUSHUI,BINGDEGANZAI8DIANSHANGKEQIANHUILAI。TASHUO:JINGUANYOUSHILEIDEYANMAOJINXING,DANCONGBUDANWUGONGZUO,BIXUDAQIJINGSHENSHANGHAOMEIYIJIEKE。

  ZAIQUEYISHAOYAODEWEIPANG,HAIZISHENGBINGYESHIHUYANZUIDANYOUDESHI。YIGEQIHEIHANLENGDEYEWAN,LAOERHUQIANNINGTURANYUNGUOQU,HUYANHEJIGEXIAONVHAIBEIHEDEQIBUCHENGSHENG,TIXINDIAODANDISHOULESANGEDUOXIAOSHI,DANGJIANGXIAOHAISONGDAOYIYUANHOUTIANYIDALIANG。DAOSHANGKESHIJIAN,HUYANRENGSHENCAIYIYIDIZOUSHANGJIANGTAI,LAOSHIHEXUESHENGMENBINGBUZHIDAO,YEWANHUYANZHENGYEWEIMIAN。

  GUOQU,JIGEHAIZICHENGJIJICHUDOUHENCHA,RUBULINGWEITAMENKAIXIAOZAO,YIQIEFUCHUJIANGFUZHUDONGLIU。SUOYI,ZAIJIAOHAOBENBANXUESHENGZHIWAI,HUYANDOUYAOWEIHAIZIMENSHANGXIAOKE,BAITIANJIAO,WANSHANGJIANG。TASHUO:“YOUYUHAIZIBIJIAODUO,YAOSHIFUDAOYIGESHIJIANTAIZHANG,QITAJIGEJIUHUIPAZAIZHUOSHANGSHUIJUE,YOUSHIWOYEBUZHIBUJUEGENZHEPAZHESHUIGUOQULE”。

  KANZHEHAIZIMENZIJUEDIXUEXIZUOFAN、XIWAN,LISUONENGJIDIZUOSHI,HUYANGANTANSHIJIANGUODEZHENKUAI。JIDEGANGLAIXUEXIAOSHI,HAIZIMENSHENGHUOBUNENGZILI,YITIANHAIKUZHENAOZHE,NEISHITACAIZHENZHENGDUDONGLEDANGDIENIANGDEXINKU。ZHUANYANSIGEHAIZIDOUFENBIEDUXIAOXUESANDAOWUNIANJI,SHENGHUOYEJIBENNENGZILILE。

  RANGTAXINWEIDESHI,HAIZIMENBUJINBIANDEFEICHANGDONGSHI,SHANGJINXINHAIHENQIANG,CHENGJIJINBUHENDA。QIANBUJIU,HUYANWUYIZHONGZAIQIANGJIAOFAXIANXIEYOU“XIACIYUWEN90YISHANG,YINGYU90YISHANG,SHUXUE80YISHANG”DEYIXINGZI,TONGGUOLEJIEDEZHI,YUANLAISHIZHEIGEXUEQIBANSHANGZHUANXUELAILELIANGGEYOUXIUXUESHENG,CHENGJIYIZHIZAIBANSHANGQIANSANMINGDEHUQIANNINGYOUSHIBEIJIDAOHOUMIAN,TAXINLIBUFUQI,LIXIASHIYANYAOCHAOYUE,HUYANGANDAOFEICHANGXINWEI。

  ZAIDAXUEQIJIAN,HUYANJIAOLEYIGENANPENGYOU,WEIBIYESHI,LIANGRENDEGUANXITINGHAO,YECENGPAOCHUHAIMENGSHANSHIDEHUAYU,KEBIYEHOU,NANYOULITAYUELAIYUEYUAN,ZUIHOUJIUMEILIANXILE。HUYANSHUO:SUIRANDAIZHEYIQUNXIAOHAIDESHITAMEISHUOGUOSHENME,DANTAGANJUEDAOFUYUHAIZIZHEIYICHENZHONGDEDANZI,YINGGAISHIGANQINGJIESHUDEZHIJIEYUANYIN。

  WOMENYANQIANDEHUYAN,TINGTINGYULIDESHENZI,QINGXIUDELIANPANG,JINGUANLIANSHANGBEISUIYUEKEXIALESHAOXUZHOUWEN,DANTARENGSHIGEMEILIDEDAGUNIANG。QINQIHETONGSHIMENDOUJIJIWEITAQIANXIANDAQIAO,DANTASHENBIANDESIGEHAIZI,RANGXIAOHUOMENYIGEGEWANGERQUEBU。TANJICI,HUYANGANTANDISHUO:“ZHIYAOZHEIBANGHAIZINENGHENHAODIDUSHU,JIUSUANYIBEIZIBUJIEHUN,WOYEWUSUOWEI。”

  ZUIJIN,YOUGEXIBUZHIYUANZHEZAILEJIETADESHIQINGHOU,HUAIZHEZHENZHIDEGANQINGXIANGTAZOUJIN,CHANGSHIZHEJIESHOUZHEIGEJIATING。HUYANSHUO,ZHEICIJIHUITAYEXIWANGNENGZHENGQU,DANRUGUOXIAOHUOBUNENGJIESHOUXIAOHAI,NEIJIUMEIYOUSHANGLIANGDEYUDI。WOMENQIDAI、YEZHUYUAN,HUYANNENGJINKUAIZHAODAOLIXIANGDEBANLV,SHOUHUOXINGFUDEAIQING。

 

[RENWUZHUANFANG]NINGMINGERSI BUMOERSHENG——FANGXIANGGANGWENHUAJIEMINGRENFANZHIANXIANSHENG 

  编者按:下面这篇访问记的作者邓慧楣女士,是新加坡《大众信息》杂志的主编。访问记介绍了香港文化界名人范止安先生在其先祖范仲淹公“先天下之忧而忧,后天下之乐而乐”、“宁鸣而死,不默而生”精神的感召下,抱持爱国爱民、自强不息的人生观,长期为香港、内地文化教育事业作出的卓越贡献,从特定的角度揭示了中华文化的崇高价值,值得一读。


  邓慧楣(以下简称邓):范先生,非常高兴您能抽出宝贵时间接受《大众信息》的访问,这实在是我们的荣幸。
范止安(以下简称范):谢谢您的莅临访问,使我有机会跟《大众信息》读者,尤其是东南亚、加拿大以及中国内地读者们结缘沟通,不只感到高兴,并且感到是跟朋友一起亲切地畅吐心声。

  DENG:RENMENDOUZHIDAO,NINSHIBEISONGMINGCHENFANZHONGYANDEHOUYI,NINNENGJIWOMENTANTANYOUGUAN“FAN”XINGDEYUANYUANMA?

  FAN:SHOUXIANJIESHUFANSHIJIAZUDELISHI,NEIJIUYUANYUANLIUZHANGLE,WOZUDANSHENGYUGONGYUANQIANERQIANYUNIANDEDIYAOSHIDAI,JIQIANNIANYILAI,LIDAIJUNYOUFANSHIJIECHURENWU,RUCHUNQIUSHIDAITAOLVEZHUOYUEDEFANLIXIANXIANDENG,SHILIAOJIZAIYOUERBAIYUWEIZHIDUO。BENRENYU2001NIANBIANYINCHUBANDE《FANSHILIDAIXIANXIANSHILIAO》YIHUIBIANJISHU,ZHUISIXIANXIANDEGUANGHUISHIJI、QIANGUDIANFAN。

  YANYUNSHUCONGGENQI,FANSHISHOUXINGZHIZUFANWUZI,SHENGYUDONGZHOU(YUEGONGYUANQIAN660NIAN)SHIDAI。FANWUZIWENWUSHUANGQUAN,LVCIPINGLUAN,WENDINGZHENGJU。ZHOUDINGWANGDAIYIZHUHOUZHILI,ZHUOWEIJINGUOZHONGJUNYUANSHUAI,JIANRENTAIFUZHIZHI,BINGFENGDIYULU(XIANZAIHENAN、SHANDONG)JIAOJIEDEFANXIAN,GENGYIFENGDIWEIXING,ZHEISHIFANZUSHOUXINGZHISHIYE。

  FANSHIYIZUSHIZHONGHUA(WUSHILIUGE)MINZUZHONGHANZUCHENGYUANZHIYI,FANSHIZUQUNBIANBUQUANGUOHESHIJIEGEDI。JINYIQIANNIANQIJIAN,FANZUZUIJIECHUZHIWEIREN,JUSHIJIEZHISHIBEISONGSHIDAIFANZHONGYAN(SHIWENZHENG)。TADEWENZHIWUGONG,YONGCHUIQINGSHI,YOUYI“XIANTIANXIAZHIYOUERYOU,HOUTIANXIAZHILEERLE”DEBODASIXIANGZHUCHENGYUSHI。SONGRENZONGZUNZHIWEI“XIANXIAN”,QINGKANGXIGENGCHENGZHIWEI“SHENGXIAN”,KENDINGLEFANZHONGYANGONGSHIZHONGGUOLISHISHANGDEYONGHENGJUREN,SHENZHISHIZHONGHUAMINZUHEQUANRENLEIDEJINGSHEN“ZHIKU”。

  邓:范仲淹公提倡以儒家学说为治国理念,他受到了所有中国人的景仰。您能给我们谈谈范仲淹公精神的精髓吗?
范:您问范仲淹公精神的精髓?问得好!范公名句是众所周知的“先天下之忧而忧,后天下之乐而乐”,其精髓在于一种完全奉献的崇高精神境界,将个人利益放在最低的位置。而这种精神渊源由自:范仲淹幼年丧父,母亲改嫁,他随着改姓换名;不过他少有大志,离家宿庙,苦读饱学,历经艰辛,考取进士,荣任官职。之后,呈报朝廷恢复原姓,认祖归宗,并迎养亲母,还将她的遗体安葬在“范园”陵寝。仲淹公立志发愤、事亲至孝的品德,是他为官后以民为先,以天下大事为重的崇高思想的基础。另一了不起而很少人评论的史料是,范仲淹亲生四子(纯佑、纯仁、纯礼、纯粹),范公仙逝之后,纯仁公(北宋宰相)主理家族事务,乃以四兄弟的官方谥衔区分为“监簿房、忠宣房、右丞房、侍郎房”,各立字号,使其家族组织化、系统化。千年以来,范氏族群排字论辈,有条不紊,范纯仁公实足承传仲淹公精神“智库”,高瞻远瞩,令人敬佩。

  DENG:WOMENZHIDAONINZAIZAONIANLIJINLEZHONGZHONGJIANXIN,ZHEIXIEJINGLIWUYINENGJIDANGJINDENIANQINGRENBUSHAOQIFA,FANXIANSHENGNENGJIWOMENTANTANNINDEWANGSHIMA?

  FAN:TANDAOFANMOUTONGNIAN、QIUXUESHIQIJIHESHILAIGANGFAZHANDENGHUATI,SHIWOLIANXIANGDAO01NIANCHUNZAICHENGDOUCHUXI“SANLI”QIJIAN,YINGYAOCANYUDELIANGWEIZHONGSHENGDAIPENGYOU,TAMENSHUALEZHIYU,JURANBAWOSHITONGLIAOTIANCHOUMA,SHEJIFANMOU“MANGSHENMENI?YOUZAIXIANGSHENMENI?”DUIWOYANXINGSIQIANLEJIE。YINZHI,WOZAIGANWANGLUOYANGCHUXI“JINGFANDIERSHILIUXIWANGXIAOXUE”LUOCHENGQIYONGDIANLIDELVTUZHONGSIKAOJICI,JUEDINGHUIGANGKOUSHU,WENYOUZHIBICHUBAN《FANZHIANXIANSHENGJINBANSHIJIJINGLIJIANJIE》XIAOCEZI,GONGZHUSHEHUI。

  WOSHENGYUJIANGSUSHENGRUGAOSHI,XIANNIANBASHIQIXULING,SHIWENZHENGGONGDIWUDAIGONGYI(ZHONGXUANFANG)XIANXIANDEHOUYI。TAYOUXUEJINGGUORUGAO,XINSHANGXUEFENGSHENSHENG,YINERLUOJIDINGJURUYIBEIXIANG,LIDAIZISUNZHONGDUO。RENCHENGRUGAOSHIYUMIZHIXIANG,FANSHIXIANGYOU“FANBANCHENG”MEIYU。BUGUO,XIANFUSHIYIWEILETIANPAISHANGREN。WODETONGNIANCENGJINGDABINGDUOCI,WOPIANAICHUANJI,YUEJIDEGUOTIEXUEZAIXIANGBISIMAIMINGYAN:“REN,SHENGYUYOUSHIZUO,SIYUWUSHIZUO。”QIDILEWODEXINSIWEI,JUEDINGLIKAISANGZIBANGONGBANDU,KAORUSHANGHAIDAXIADAXUEXUANXIUFALVXI。JULIAOXUEYEDEDIERNIAN,KANGRIZHANZHENGBAOFA,YIRANTOUBICONGRONG,LIRENJUNDUIYAOZHI。1944NIANZAIZHONGQINGJUNWEIHUIFUWU,BINGHUOQUANXULUJUNSHAOJIANG;1945NIANKANGZHANSHENGLIHOU,FENGPAIWUHANZAICHENGQIANHUIXIAGONGZUO;1948NIANHUOZHUNTUICHUJUNYI,ZAISHANGHAIQINJIANJIEFANG,YEJUEDINGLEXINSHENGHUODEFANGXIANGHEGENGYUNDEMUBIAO。

  DENG:FANXIANSHENG,NINSHISHENMESHIHOULAIXIANGGANGDENI?LAIGANGDECHUQIQINGKUANGWOMENDEDUZHEYEHENXIANGZHIDAO,YINWEIZAIRENMENYANZHONGCHONGMANLECHUANQISECAI,DUIYUZHEIXIENINNENGLVEWEITANTANMA?

  FAN:1950NIANWOYOUSHANGHAIJINGAOMENDIDAXIANGGANG,QIAQIAOZHEITIANKAISHIBUZHUNWAISHENGRENZIYOURUJING。WOPING?JIZHICHUANGGUANBURU“TIANTANG”HOU,YIDUCHENMIYUZUISHENGMENGSIDEHUAHUASHIJIELI。LIANGNIANHOU,WOQIHELIANGGEERZIHUOZHUNLAIGANGDINGJU。WOYOUZHAOGUJIATINGDEZEREN,WEIYICAILUSHIFEIBOGAOCHOUHEYOUCHAIXIAOZHICHI,YINZHISHENGHUOXIANYUKUNJING。DANYIZHIJIANCHIZILIGENGSHENG,BUDUANCHUANGZAOTIAOJIAN,RUZIBANDIANYINGGONGSI、YUYOUHEBANDAZHUANXINGDESHUYUANDENGDENG,XINGERHAIYOUHUODONGDEKONGJIAN,?YANZHUANYIYUWENHUAJIAOYUFANGMIANDEXUANZEHEFAZHAN。

  DENG:FANXIANSHENG,KEYIGAOSUWOMENNINSHIZAINAYINIANCHUANGBANXINYAZHOUCHUBANSHEDEMA?DANGSHIDEQINGKUANGZENMEYANG?

  范:1965年与友合作筹办新亚洲出版社,66年正式成立,编辑印行适合港澳地区的小学教科书。首轮推出小学中国语文和作文教材,但参与成员对前景存疑而中途退股,我就自动当选为总经理兼总编辑。稍后获得教育界多位精英参加工作,为此又成立新亚洲文化企业有限公司,与新亚洲出版社并肩营运。业务蒸蒸日上,但并非一帆风顺,其间历经不少考验,百炼成钢,奠定了新亚洲出版机构的发展和迈向新世纪的稳定基础,也有能量迎接教育改革浪潮的新挑战。
邓:范先生,我们渴望能与您一起分享成功的快乐,但在创业过程中的种种辛苦,对我们来说亦极具价值,在这方面我们希望能聆听您的教言。

  FAN:WENWOCHUANGBANXINYAZHOUCHUBANSHEGUOCHENGZHONGDEKUYULE?CONGHONGGUANJIAODUERYAN,WODERENSHENGGUAN,ZAONIANSHOUDAOBISIMAI“REN,SHENGYUYOUSHIZUO,SIYUWUSHIZUO”DEYINGXIANG,BINGQICHENGCHUANFANZHONGYANGONG“XIANYOUHOULE”DEBODAJINGSHEN,KEJINBOLI,WEIWENHUAJIAOYUNENGZUODUOSHAOSHIDUOSHAO。TANDAOKUYULE,YINWEIWOZAIXINYAZHOUJIGOU(BAOKUOXINYAZHOUCHUBANSHE、XINYAZHOUWENHUAJIJINHUI、JINGFANJIAOYUJIJINHUIDENGDANWEI)GONGZUOLESAYUNIAN,BULUNKUHUOLE,SHUOLAIHUAZHANG,JUSHUQIZHONGYI、ERSHILIBA。

  HUIYINIANNIANQIANXIANGGANGJIAOYUDANGJUBANBUXIAOXUEZHONGGUOYUWENKEXINKECHENG,NEISHIWOJIANRENXIANGGANGJIAOYUCHUBANSHANGHUIFUHUIZHANG,JUHUIZHONGTANJIXINYAZHOUCHUBANSHEXINBIANYUWENKEBENSHIHERENZHUGAOBIANXIE,WOSHUOSHUZHONGWUDAJIANG,ZHIYOUQINLIQINWEILE。XIANCHANGYOUYIZIXUECHENGMINGZHIXINGJIASHUO:“ZHENDEMA?”XINGHEYUJIANMING(YIGU)HUIZHANGZHIZHENG,QUESHIFANGONGQINZICAODAO,BINGYOUZISHENXUEZHEWUJUNSHENGBOSHIGUOMUXIAOZHENG。RUYUNKUYULE,ZHEIKESHUDEQUANBUJIAOCAISANBAIPIAN,QIZHONGJUEDABUFENSHIPINGNAOLIGOUSICHUANGZUODE,BINGXUANZHAOZHIYINSHIYONGBIAOLIESHENGZISIQIANYUGE,ZHIYUTICAIYAOJIANKANG,SHENQIANXUSHIDU,ZHEIXIEGUIGEBUZAIHUAXIA。LINGRENBUKESIYIDESHI,XIAOYIJIAOCAIYAOGUOYUWENFAXIEZUO,JIANJIYUEYUYUYINLANGSONG(HAOXIANGCHANGGE),ZHEIBIXIEBOSHILUNWENHAIYAOJIANKU,DANYELEZAIQIZHONG。LINGYINANCHU,QUANSHUSANBAIPIANJIAOCAI,MEIPIANYAOANPAISHENGZILIUZHISHIYUGE,HAIXUZHONGFUSHIYONGZHEIXIESHENGZI。SHANGSHUZHIZHENWOZUODAOLE,SONGSHENGUOGUANBINGMENGLIERUYONGSHUBIAO。KUHOUZHILESHITUICHUFAXINGZHIHOU,POHUOHAOPING,CALIANGLEXINYAZHOUCHUBANSHEDANGNIANDEXIAOZHAOPAI。JIYIYOUXINDE,XIANGGANGJIAOYUSHUZHUGUANZHONGWENKEDESUXIANSHENGDELEYEJINGSHEN、SHISHIQIUSHIDEFUZEFENGGE,ZUZIGAOGUANMENXUEXIHEGENJIN,WEIJIAOYUGAIGEXIANXINYOU。

  DENG:XINYAZHOUCHUBANSHEDEXIANZHUANGZENYANG?FANXIANSHENGNENGJIWOMENZUOYIJIANYAODEJIESHAOMA?

  范:新亚洲出版社有限公司当前概况是:本公司创立已达卅余年,出版宗旨,迄今坚持爱国立场、阐扬中华文化;业务重点是编印出版适合港澳和海外侨教的教科书和参考书簿,并在力求精进,落实教改,惠及学子的诉求下,承担起应尽的责任。我们不是唯利是图的出版商,谚云:取诸社会、用诸社会。我们甘为孺子牛,并且自创条件,在中国内地的文化教育领域里,默默耕耘,已有显著绩效,还在继续努力,克尽绵薄。

  DENG:JUWOMENSUOZHI,XINYAZHOUCHUBANSHEDECHUBANWUNEIRONGHENFENGFU。FANXIANSHENG,NINNENGJIWOMENLVEZUOJIESHAOMA?

  FAN:BENGONGSIBIANYINFAXINGDEPINMU,XIANJIEDUANYIDADAO“YITIAOLONG”DEFAZHANCHENGDU,BAOKUOYOUERYUAN、XIAOXUE、ZHONGXUEDEZHONGWENJIAOCAIHEPEITAOJIAOJU,HAIYOUYIXIEYINGWENJIAOCAI,GELEIBUCHONGJIAOCAIHEGONGJUSHU,YIJIDAXUESHENGSHIYONGDEGELEICONGSHUDENGDENG。BUGUO,XIANZHENGMIANDUIXIANGGANGJIAOYUGAIGEDEGUANJIANSHIKE,WOMENLEYUPEIHEXINDEJIAOYUZHENGCE,GAIZHENGHESHUAXINJIAOCAISUZHI,ZUOCHUXINDEGONGXIAN。

  DENG:XIANGGANGHUIGUIZUGUOYIWUNIANLE,WEILESHUNYINGZHEIGEZHUANBIAN,JIAOYUJIEYEXINGQILEZHONGZHONGGAIGE,DUICIFANXIANSHENGYOUHEGAOJIAN?

  FAN:XIANGGANGJIUQIHUIGUIYIDAWUNIANDEJINTIAN,ZHIDEYANJIUDEWENTISHI,XIANGGANGTEBIEXINGZHENGQUKECHENGFAZHANYIHUIGONGBULE《XUEHUIXUEXI》(XUEXILINGYU:ZHONGGUOYUWENJIAOYU)DEWENJIAN。QIZHONGYAODIANZHIYI,MINGQUEZHICHU,ZAIZHENGTIDEZHONGGUOYUWENKECHENGZHONG,JIARULEPUTONGHUADEXUEXIYUANSU,BINGYI“SHIYONGPUTONGHUAJIAOZHONGWEN”WEIYUANCHENGMUBIAO。JUWENYOUXIEJIAOSHITICHUZHONGGUOYUWENJIAOCAIYAOJIASHANGYUEYUZHUYIN,ZHEIYANGDEBAOSHOUGUANDIAN,SHIYUJIAOYUGAIGEDEMUBIAOBEIDAOERCHI,DUIJIAOGAIDESHIJIXIAOYINGRUHE?XIANSUOCHANSHENGYINGXIANGGAIKEXIANGJIAN,ZHIDEGUANZHU。

  GENGZHONGYAODESHI《XUEHUIXUEXI》WENJIANMINGQUEZHICHU,XINDEKECHENGJIAGOU,SHIYIYUWENNENGLIWEIZHUDAO,YUGUOQUDE《YUEDUJIAOXUE》ZHEZHONGYIJINGDUJIAOCAIWEIZHU,YIPIANZHANGJIAOCAIWEIHEXIN,MINGXIANYOUSUOBUTONG。ZHEIXIANGGUIFANDEZHONGQING,BUNANLIJIE。DANJIAOGAIZHENGCEGONGBUZHIHOU,JIAOSHIDEFANYINGRUHENI?YINWEIXIANGGANGHUIGUIHOURENGRANTONGYONGPIANZHANGJIAOCAI,XIANZAIYAOYONGJIAOYUGAIGEGUIFANDEXINJIAOCAI,RUTONGGAIBIANYINCHACHICAIDELAOXIGUAN,JINHUSHENGHUO“GEMING”YIBANDECHONGJI,RUGUORENTONGJIAOGAIDEBIYAOXING,JIUYAOLINLAO“XUECHUIDA”,HAISHIBAOZHU“JINFANWAN”SUIBOZHULIUNI?SIHUYOUDIANPANGHUANG。XINGERYOUXIECHUBANSHANG,WEIBUXIANZHI“XIANGQIANKAN”,JIBUKESHI,ZHIZUOCHUBIZHONGJIUQING,BAOZHUANGYUEMUDE“JIWEIJIU”SHI“KEKOU”CHANPIN,TOURUSHICHANG,SHIDEGONGQIULIANGFANGJIEDAHUANXI。BUGUO,RENGYOUMINGZHIDEJIAOYUGONGZUOZHE,QUANHENGLIBIZHIXIA,XUANYONGLEQUANXINBIANYINDEJIAOCAI,GUANCHEJIAOGAIZHENGCE,SHULIBANGYANG。

  ZONGSHANGSUOYUN,ZHISHIYITAIHAOXIZHONGYIQUNJIBENYANYUANHUOLINSHIYANYUANYANCHUDEPIANDUANJUQING。DANNAXIEGAOGUANZHIDAOJIANDUJIAOGAITUIXING?SHIKUANGZHIDUOSHAO?XIWANGDUODUOJIECHUSHEHUIRENSHI,SHENRULEJIE,QINGCIKAOLIANG。HAIYOUXINBIANJIAOCAISHIFOUSHIZUANZHAOXINDEKECHENGBIAOZHUNSHENPICHULI?RUZHONGXUEZHONGGUOYUWENJIAOCAI,ZHIMINGYIYUWENNENGLIWEIZHU。YOURUXIAOXUESHUXUEJIAOCAI,ANZHAOZHISHIDIYICISONGSHENYIZHISANNIANJI,RUCHAOXIANSONGSHENYOURUHENI?HAIYOU,GEJIXUEXIAODUIJIAOGAIZHENGCESHISHIHOUDEZHICHIHEJIXIAORUHE?XIWANGYOUGUANDANGJUJISHISHUOMINGCHENGQING。

  DENG:DUIYUJIAOYUGAIGE,FANXIANSHENGHAIYOUNAXIEKANFAKEYIYUDAJIAFENXIANGNI?

FAN:BENRENDEKANFA,JIAOYUGAIGEKEBURONGHUAN,BIXUJIAKUAIGAIGEBUFA,YOUXUTIGONGZAIZHIJIAOSHIDE“YANXI”PEIXUN,XUEERHOUSHI,CAINENGSHIBANGONGBEI。XIANZAIXIANGGANGTEBIEXINGZHENGQUZHENGFU,SHIXINGGAOGUAN“WENZE”JIZHI,KENENG“WENZE”DADAOJIAOGUANGCENGMIAN,BUFANGSHIMUYIDAI。

  TANDAOZHEILILIANXIANGJIYISELIEGUOZAIJIAOYUFANGMIANDECHENGJIU,QUANGUOWUBAIWUSHIYUWANRENKOU,LIGUOZHIYOUWUSHIDUONIAN,JURANZUODAOSHAMOBIANWEILVZHOU,KUIQIFEISUCHENGZHANGDEZUIDAYINSU,NAIYOUYUZHEZHONGJIAOYUFAZHANDEZHUOYUEGONGXIAO。TAMENDEJIAOYUSHUIPING,SANGENANGONGMINZHONGJIUYOUYIMINGYONGYOUBOSHIXUEWEI。GENGLEBUQISHIYIYOUQISUOXUEFURONGLIESHIJIEERBAISUOZHUMINGDAXUEZHILIN。XIANGDUIERYAN,XIANGGANGXIANYOURENKOUYIJINQIBAIWANZHIDUO,RENCAIJIJI,JIAOYUZIYUANXIANGDANGCHONGSHI,ZHIYAOCHAICHUZIWOFENGBIDEBAOSHOUKUANGKUANG,JIEJINGYISELIEGUOZHONGSHIJIAOYUDECHENGGUO,JIWANGXIANGQIANKANDECHUBUZHIZHEN,WOMENZHUISHANGZHONGGUONEIDI、TAIWANDEJIAOYUFAZHANJIXIAO,BINGQIDACHENGSANTOUMACHEZHENGQIANQIU。

  DENG:ZIZHONGGUOGAIGEKAIFANGYILAI,FASHENGLEFANTIANFUDIDEBIANHUA。WOMENZHIDAOFANXIANSHENGDUICIYEHENGUANXIN,NINCENGDUOCIWANGNEIDIKAOCHA、GUANGUANG。FANXIANSHENGNENGYUWOMENTANTANJININLIUXIALESHENKEYINXIANGDEJIANWENMA?

  FAN:WODINGJUXIANGGANGYIWUSHIYUNIAN,ZICHENGXIANGGANGDEWENHUALAOBING,YESUANSHIJIAOYUGONGZUOZHE。HUISU1991NIANKAISHICANYULIANGANSANDIWENHUAJIAOLIUSHIWU,1993NIAN7YUEZAIGANGZHUBANDALU、TAIWAN、XIANGGANGDEWENHUAJINGJIYANTAOHUI,CHUXIXUEZHE、ZHUANJIAYIBAIYUWEI,TIGONGYANTAODELUNWENSHUSHIPIAN,LIANGTIANHUIYIXIANGDANGYUANMANCHENGGONG。YINWOXIAOYOUGONGXIAN,DONGBEISANSHENGSHEKEYUANLINGDAORENYAOQINGQIANWANGFANGWEN,SHENGQINGKEGAN。

  SHINIAN8YUEMIAODAILINGSANNVYINANDEMISHUBANZITONGXINGBEIFANG,SHOUZHANSHIJILINSHENGZHANGCHUNSHI,CANGUANZHONGGONGYESHESHI,DAKAIYANJIE,ZAIYOUSHEKEYUANLVFUYUANZHANGDENGPEITONG,ZHUANCHEZHIQUYANBIANDEZHANGBAISHANQU,PASHANGSHANDING(ZHONG、CHAOJIAOJIE)FUKAN“TIANCHI”SHENGJING,LINGRENTAOZUIBUYI!ERHOUXUNYOUYALVJIANG、SONGHUAJIANG,DAODAHEILONGJIANGSHENGHAERBINSHI,CANGUANZHUMINGDEDAQINGYOUTIAN。SHENGANJINGQIDE,DAOCHUDOUYOUYOUGUAN、FENGCHE,XISHUIZHANGLIUDISHENGCHANCHUBIANDISIHUANGJINYIBANDEYUANYOU。ZAIQULIAONINGSHENGDESHENYANGSHI,YOULANSHENGJIZHIYIDE“GUAIPO”,XIANZHUDETESESHI,QICHESHANGXINGGUANZHEYOUMEN,XIACHIBIXUKAIFANGYOUMEN,SUIRANGUAIGUAIDE,DANZAIDIZHIXUESHANGBUZUWEIGUAI。ZUIHOUDIDADALIANSHI,CANFANGJINZAIZHICHIDELVSHUN,PINGDIAORIEZHANZHENGZAIWOGUOTUSHANGLIUXIADEXUEJI。CIXINGWANGFANSHILIUTIAN,ZENGZHANGLEBUSHAOJIANWEN。

  使我印象深刻的,我曾走访过一些偏僻地方,跟一群失学孩子谈天说地。回到香港之后,马上写信给中国社科院领导之一汝信副院长,坦述东北之行见闻的感想,建议筹办民间文化组合,对教育落后、少数民族地区,提供必要教材、教具,缓解地方当局设施之紧张。不久,汝先生回信说,可以考虑,稍后郭永才秘书长与我不断联系,并达成共识。1995年底中国社科院与新亚洲文化基金会在珠海市主办“香港史研讨会”其间,龙永枢副院长在那里与我拍板落实,合组“北京东方城文化科技服务有限公司”,推我担任董事长,旋即展开第一项任务,在陕西省丹凤县捐建“东方城希望小学”,该县领导们亲到北京出席捐款建校仪式,我首次参与了“希望工程”的活动,很有意义,并获中央广播电台邀往演讲,对全国同胞介述先祖文正公(讳仲淹)的学术思想、爱国精神,分享祖荫,尤须努力阐扬“范学”的光环,使之普照全世界。
邓:谈到“希望工程”,我们都知道范先生您在这项工作上,为内地的失学儿童作出了很大的贡献。在这里我们想聆听您的教言,以及了解相关的一些事情,您可以谈谈吗?

  FAN:WOJIJICANYU“XIWANGGONGCHENG”XINGLIE,SHI1997NIANQIU,FUJINGCHUXIZHONGGUOSHEKEYUANYANJIUSHENGYUANBANSHOUTEYAOJIAOSHOUDEPINSHUHEFABIAO《ZHONGHUAWENHUAYUCHUBANGUANXIQIANZHANXINGYANJIUBAOGAO》LUNWENDEDIANLIZHIHOU,CHENGYOUPEITONGQIANWANGSUZHOUTIANPINGSHANWENZHENGGONGYIZHONGJISI,ZAILINGYUANLANJIBUSHAOWENWU。QIZHONGZHIYISHIWENZHENGGONGCHUANGBAN“YIXUE”SHURENYUCAIDEGUANGHUISHILIAO,SHENSHOUGANRAN,QISHIWOYANGXIAOXIANXIAN,ZERUNRUZI,PEIYUYINGCAI。WOJUEDINGFENGXIANGERENSIXU,ZAIXIANGGANGCHENGLI“JINGFANJIAOYUJIJINHUI”,CANJIA“XIWANGGONGCHENG”DEXINGLIE。XIANHOUZAINEIDISHIJIUGESHENGQUDESHAOSHUMINZUHUOJIAOYULUOHOUDIFANG,CHOUBAN“JINGFANXIWANGXIAOXUE”,XIANYIWANCHENGSASUO。HAIZAICHUSHENGDICHUANGSHE“FANZHIANTUSHUGUAN”;ZUCHENG“FANZHIANJIANGXUEJIN”WEIYUANHUI,JUBANLESHINIAN,HUOJIANGXUEZIJIDAERQIANYUREN;BINGWEIZHUISIXIANXIANFANZHONGYANGONGJIANSHE“FANGONGYUAN”JINGQU。YOUZAIXIANGGANGCHUANGBAN“FANHEWEIQINGYOUERYUAN”;SHANXISHENGCHENGLI“JINGFANBAOJIANPEIXUNZHONGXIN”;SICHUANSHENGZUHE“FANZHONGYANYANJIUZHONGXIN”;HEILONGJIANGSHENGXINGJIAN“JINGFANJIAOYUPEIXUNZHONGXIN”;YIJIZAIHENANSHENGYICHUANXIANXINGJIANJIJIANGLUOCHENGQIYONGDE“FANGONGCI”DENGDENG,GONGYUESISHIGEDANWEI。DANBINGWEIDAOCIZHIBU,RENGZAICHUANGZAOXINDETIAOJIAN,QIMUDEZHIYI,ZAIYUHONGYANGFANWENZHENGGONGXIANYOUHOULEDEXUESHUSIXIANGJIAIGUOJINGSHEN。LINGYIFANGMIAN,“XIWANGGONGCHENG”ZHANKAIYILAI,FANYINGLIANGHAO,BINGHEGEFANGYUANSHOUXIEZHU,JIXIAOXIANZHU。ZIYUANZAIJINMIANBO,JIEQIKUODACHENGGUO,MAIXIANGGENGGAODEMUBIAO,YILIUXIAGANWEIRUZINIUDEYIYE。“NIU”YEXIANGDANGGUANZHUXIWANGXIAOXUEHAIZIMENDEXUEXIJINGSHEN,ZUIJINTONGHANGEXIWANGXIAOXUE,SHUJIAZAIJI,TUIXUANXUEXICHENGJIZUIYOUYIZHE,ZHUYIFAJIJIANGLIJIN。YOUJUBANGEXIAOXUESHENGZUOWENBISAI(YOUJIANG)XIANGMU。ZHEIXIEDONGTAISHUOMING“NIU”BUZHIQINLAOGENGYUN,GENGJIWANGHAIZIMENZHUOZHUANGCHENGZHANG,WEIGUOXIAOLI。

  DENG:ZUIHOUYIGEWENTI,XIWANGFANXIANSHENGNENGJIWOMENTANTANNINDEJINKUANGHEJINHOUDEHONGYUAN,TEBIESHININDERENSHENGGUAN,XIANGXINHUILINGSHIXIADENIANQINGRENHUOYIBUQIANNI!

  FAN:WODEXULINGBASHIQISUI,KESUANLAOERMIJIAN,YONGBUYANTUI。PENGYOUMENDOUZHIDAOWODEKOUTOUSHAN“REN,SHENGYUYOUSHIZUO,SIYUWUSHIZUO”,SHUWODAYANBUCAN,DANGQIANSHENGHUOQINGKUANG,BUZHISHIGONGSILIANGMANG,2001NIANCHUBANSHEZHONGZUHOU,WORENGXUZUODIANSHI,BANYANDEJIAOSE,JINHUYIGEZUQIUDUIDESHOUMENYUAN;BINGZIDINGYOUXIGUIZE,JUEBUCHENGQIANGZHENGSHENG,BUDAMAOBO,FAYANGTIYUYUNDONGDEDAODEJINGSHEN。NINSHUOXINSHIJISHIGESHUNXIWANBIANDESHIDAI,WOJIXIALE,YEHUIZHUANGAOBENJIGOUDEFENG、WEICHENGYUANMEN,TIGAOJINGTI,BINGYUDAZHONGJITUANTONGRENXIESHOUYINGJIEXINTIAOZHAN!SHIWEIZHENGYIFENDOUDAODI。

  ZHIYUWODERENSHENGGUAN,CONGSHANGSHUYIXILIEDETANGULUNJINDEHUATIZHONG,SHEJIDAOWODESIWEIHEBIAOXIAN。RUGUOSHENJIUDEHUA,WOSHIZHONGGUOREN,WOREAIGUOJIA,WOJUZHUXIANGGANGWUSHIYUNIAN,BUCHIDIERGUXIANG。RENCHENGWOSHISHEHUIHUODONGFENZI,NEISHIDUIWOBUTAILEJIEDEPINGGU,WOBUJIEYIBAOHUOBIANDEWUYI,YIZHIZIQIANGBUXI,ZIWOBIANCE,TOURUXIAIDEYUANDILI,WUSHIGONGZUO,HUODEKAIXIN。HAIYOUJUECHANGSHIYOUCHAIXUECHENGWO“XIAOFANXIANSHENG”,ZHEIGEYAHAODELAIYUAN,NAISONGDAIZHUFANGSHANXIYANZHOU(XIANZAIYANAN)DUIKANGXIXIAQIANGBINGDEDAJUNTONGSHUAIFANYONG(RENCHENGLAOFAN)LVZHANLVBAIZHIHOU,SONGTINGTEPAIFANZHONGYANYINGRENSHANXIJINGLVEFUSHITONGSHUAIYANZHOUZHUJUN,WENZHENGGONGJINGTONGZHANLVE,CAIQUYISHOUWEIGONG(DANGNIANJIAOTONGBUBIAN,JUNLIANGYUNSHUKUNNAN)DETUNKENCELVE,DANRENGBUSHISIJIPAIBINGCHUJI,ZUODAOBUSHENGWUGUI,SHIQIANGBINGDANLIXINJING,CHENGHU“XIAOFANLAOZI”XIONGHUAISHIWANJIABING。ZHEIXIANGSHILIAOXIANGCHUANQIJIN,YINERWOFENXIANGDAO“XIAOFANXIANSHENG”DERONGYU,YESHIJIDADEGULI;YOUXUXUEXI“XIANYOUHOULE”DEXUESHUSIXIANG,WENZHENGGONGAIJIJIREN,DAOCHUBANXUEDEWUSIJINGSHEN,LIRUXIANZAIYANANSHIDEJIALINGSHUYUAN,JIUSHITALAORENJIACHUANGBANDEXUEXIAOZHIYI,WEIGUOYUCAI,LIUFANGQIANGU。

  ZONGJIEFANGTANZHONGLIEJUDESHILI,SHICONGXIANSHIJIANWENYANSHENGSUOJIDEGUANDIAN,JIUSHILUNSHIERYI。ZHICHENGHUYUJIAOYU、CHUBANJIERENSHI,BIXUXISHENGXIAOWO,QINGLIZHICHIXIANGGANGJIAOYUGAIGEZHENGCEDECHEDISHIXING,WEIBAIWANXUEZICHUANGZAOGENGMEIHAODEMINGTIAN,ZAOFUSHEHUI,GONGZAIGUOJIA。

  JIYUXIANZUWENZHENGGONGSUOZHE《LINGNIAOFU》“NINGMINGERSI,BUMOERSHENG”MINGJUDEQISHI,SHIHUASHISHUO,SUZHUGONGLUN,HUANYINGBULINZHIJIAO。

  邓:谢谢范先生在百忙中拨冗接受我们的访问。古人说:“与君一席话,胜读十年书”,深信由您继承下来的范仲淹公的精神,必会让我们的社会和后来人士从中得到益处。谢谢!我和我们的读者向您致以深切的谢意!
(新加坡《大众信息》杂志2002年6-7月号)

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