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如何写好一篇精彩的竞聘演讲稿
2012-01-11 10:30:33   来源:本站原创   评论:0 点击:

(一)竞聘演讲的几个特点 竞聘演讲(也称竞职演讲)是演讲的一种,因此,它具有口语性、群众性、时限性、临场性、交流性等演讲的一般特点。由于它是针对某一竞争目标而进行的,它有以下特点:一、目标的明确性? 一上台就要鲜明地亮出自己所

(一)竞聘演讲的几个特点
    竞聘演讲(也称竞职演讲)是演讲的一种,因此,它具有口语性、群众性、时限性、临场性、交流性等演讲的一般特点。由于它是针对某一竞争目标而进行的,它有以下特点:
一、目标的明确性?
    一上台就要鲜明地亮出自己所要竞聘的目标(或厂长、或校长、或秘书、或经理),其所选用的一切材料和运用的一切手法也都是为了一个目标——使自己竞聘成功(使听众能投自己一票)。而其它类型的演讲则不同。如果演讲如大海行船,那么一般演讲是要告诉人们如何战胜困难,驶向遥远的彼岸,而竞聘演讲则是竞争看谁有条件来当船长。?
二、内容的竞争性?
    演讲者无论是讲自身所具备的条件,还是讲自己的施政的构想,都要显出“人无我有”“人有我强”“人强我新”的胜他人一筹的“优势”来,甚至把本来是“劣势”讲成“优势”。?
三、主题的集中性?
在表达意思时,必须突出一个重点,围绕一个中心。
要“立主脑”,“减头绪”,“镜头高度聚焦”,这样才能在听众心中燃起共鸣之火。?
四、材料的实用性?
    从“自我”出发、从实际情况出发。竞聘演讲是“竞争”,但并非是比赛谁能“吹”,谁能用嘴皮子“甜”人。比如在讲措施时,那种凭空喊“我上台后如何给大家涨工资,如何给大家建楼房”的演讲者,听众一般是不买账的。而那种发自肺腑讲实际的措施才是听众最欢迎的。? 
五、思路的“程序”性?
    思路,就是演讲者的思维脉络:“程序”是指演讲中先讲什么后讲什么的顺序。竞聘演讲不像一般演讲那么“自由”,它除了题目和称呼外,一般分为五步:?
第一步,开门见山讲自己所竞聘的职务和竞聘的缘由。?
第二步,简洁地介绍自己的情况:年龄、政治面貌、学历、现任职务等一些自然情况。?
第三步,摆出自己优于他人的竞聘条件,如政治素质、业务水平、工作能力等
。(既要有概括的论述,又要有“降人”的论据。比如,讲自己的业务能力时,可用一些获得的成果和业绩来证明。)?
第四步,提出假设自己任职后的施政措施。(这一步是重点,应该讲得具体详实,切实可行。)
第五步,用最简洁的话语表明自己的决心和请求。?
六、措施的条理性?
    演讲者在讲措施时一定要注意条理清楚,主次分明。不要像漫坡放羊那样,讲到哪儿算哪儿,让人听了如一团乱麻。为了把措施讲得有条理,可用列条的方法,如“第一点”“第二点”或“其一”“其二”等表示。除此,在每一“步”之间要用“过渡语”来承上启下?
七、语言的“准确”性?
准确,一般是指要恰如其分地表情达意。但竞聘演讲中的准确除此以外还有另外两层意思:一是所谈事实和所用材料、数字都要“求真求实”,准确无误。二是要注意分寸,掌握不好分寸,夸大其词,就会让人产生逆反心理,从而使自己的演讲失败。?
 
 
(二)竞职演讲“五忌”
竞职演讲作为一种直抒胸臆、发表政见的重要形式,越来越被党政群机关中层干部竞争上岗和企事业单位工作人员竟聘上岗所广泛应用,成为人们考察一个人综合素质的有效途径。笔者认为,竟职演讲应有“五忌”。
 
一忌信口开河,杂乱无章
有些竞职演讲者对自己要竞争的职位,没有一个完整清晰的认识,对一些鸡毛蒜皮的小事翻来覆去地解释,对所应从事的工作,抓不住重点,东扯葫芦西扯叶,自己说不明白,听众也搞不清楚。
 
二忌狂妄自大,目空一切
有的竞职演讲者过高地估计了自己的能力,在谈工作优势时好提当年勇,自认为条件优越,某职位“非我莫属”,做好工作不过是“小菜一碟”;在谈工作设想时,脱离实际,来一些“海市蜃楼’’般的高谈阔论,极易引起听众的反感。
 
三忌妄自菲薄,过分谦虚。
竞职演讲要求竞职者客观公正地评价自己的竞争优势,大胆发表行之有效的“施政纲领”。过分谦虚的表白,不仅不能反映自己真实的能力、水平和气魄,也不利于听者对你做出正确的评价。
 
四忌吐词不清,含混模糊
有的竞职演讲者却不善于把握演讲的轻重缓急,虽连珠炮式地将整个演讲“一气呵成”,但因吐词不清,或语速过快,使听众不知所云。
 
五忌服饰华丽,求新求异。
    登台演讲,服饰是一个人思想品德、内在修养的外在表现和自然流露。竞职演讲是一项正规、严肃的主题活动,评审员往往会以所竞争职位的需要和自己的审美观来评判演讲者。因此;演讲者的穿着应以庄重、朴素。大方为宜。有的竞职者认为穿得与众不同就会以新奇取胜,于是或服饰华丽,或不修边幅,结果,不仅群众眼里通不过,也不会给评委留下好印象,演讲效果大打折扣。
作业:1。课后思考与练习。2。练习册。

 

JINGPINYANJIANG(YECHENGJINGZHIYANJIANG)SHIYANJIANGDEYIZHONG,YINCI,TAJUYOUKOUYUXING、QUNZHONGXING、SHIXIANXING、LINCHANGXING、JIAOLIUXINGDENGYANJIANGDEYIBANTEDIAN。DANYOUYUTASHIZHENDUIMOUYIJINGZHENGMUBIAOERJINXINGDE,SUOYI,CHULEZHEIXIEGONGXINGWAI,TAHAIJUYOUYIXIA“GEXING”,JITEZHENG:?

YI、MUBIAODEMINGQUEXING?

MUBIAODEMINGQUEXING,SHIJINGPINYANJIANGQUBIEYUQITAYANJIANGDEZHUYAOTEZHENG。ZHEIYIFANGMIANBIAOXIANZAIYANJIANGZHEYISHANGTAIJIUYAOXIANMINGDILIANGCHUZIJISUOYAOJINGPINDEMUBIAO(HUOCHANGZHANG、HUOXIAOZHANG、HUOMISHU、HUOJINGLI),LINGYIFANGMIAN,QISUOXUANYONGDEYIQIECAILIAOHEYUNYONGDEYIQIESHOUFAYEDOUSHIWEILEYIGEMUBIAO——SHIZIJIJINGPINCHENGGONG(SHITINGZHONGNENGTOUZIJIYIPIAO)。ERQITALEIXINGDEYANJIANGZEBUTONG,BUGUANSHIMINGTIYANJIANGHAISHIJIXINGYANJIANG,SUIRANDOUYOUYIDINGDEMUDE,DANQIMUBIAOQUEYOUYIDINGDE“MOHUXING”、“GAIKUOXING”HEBUJUTIXING。DAGEBIFANGSHUO,RUGUOYANJIANGRUDAHAIXINGCHUAN,NEIMEYIBANYANJIANGSHIYAOGAOSURENMENRUHEZHANSHENGKUNNAN,SHIXIANGYAOYUANDEBIAN,ERJINGPINYANJIANGZESHIJINGZHENG

KANSHEIYOUTIAOJIANLAIDANGCHUANZHANG。?

ER、NEIRONGDEJINGZHENGXING?

ZAIQITADEYANJIANGZHONG,NEIRONGJINGUANKEYIHAIKUOTIANKONGDITANGULUNJIN,SHUOZHANGDAODUAN,DANYIBANDOUBUSHILAI“XIANSHI”ZIJIDEZHANGCHU。JISHIZAISHIJIYANJIANGZHONG,YEJIHUIHAOBUKEQIDIWEIZIJI“PINGGONGBAIHAO”。DANJINGPINYANJIANGZEBUTONG,TADEQUANGUOCHENGDOUSHITINGZHONGZAIHOUXUANRENZHIJIANJINXINGBIJIAO、“SHAIXUAN”DEGUOCHENG,JINGPINZHERUGUO“QIANXU”、“BUHAOYISI”SHUOZIJIDEZHANGCHU,BIAOSHIZIJIYESHI“YIBANBAN”,JIUBUNENGZHANSHENGDUISHOU。YINCIYANJIANGZHEBIXU“BAXIANGUOHAI,GEXIANQINENG”,ER“JINGZHENGXING”SHUOBAILE,YEJIUSHIYANJIANGZHEWULUNSHIJIANGZISHENSUOJUBEIDETIAOJIAN,HAISHIJIANGZIJIDESHIZHENGDEGOUXIANG,DOUYAOJINZUIDAKENENGXIANCHU“RENWUWOYOU”“RENYOUWOQIANG”“RENQIANGWO

XIN”DESHENGTARENYICHOUDE“YOUSHI”LAI,YOUSHI,SHENZHIHAIYAOBABENLAISHI“LIESHI”DEDONGXIHUANYIGEJIAODUJIANGCHENG“YOUSHI”。?

BIRU,ZAIYICIJINGPINCHANGZHANGDEYANJIANGZHONG,YIGENIANQINGGONGRENZAIJIESHAOZIJISHIZHEIYANGSHUO:“WOYIMEIYOUDANGPIAO,ERMEIYOUJINCANCANDEDAXUEWENPING,SANMEIYOUFENGFUDEYUELI,WOZHISHIYIGECHUSHERENSHIDEERSHIWUSUIDEXIAOHUOZI。NIMENYOUBAIFENZHIBAIDELIYOUHUAIYIWOSHIFOUNENGDANDEQIHUAFEICHANGCHANGZHANGDEZHONGREN。RANER,TONGZHIMEN,PENGYOUMEN,QINGNIMENZIXIDIXIANGXIANG,WOMENHUAFEICHANGZHANGQICHUYUTANHUANDEZHUANGTAI,NANDAOSHIYINWEILIJIEDECHANGZHANGMEIYOUDANGPIAO、MEIYOUWENPING、MEIYOUYUELIMA?”(ZHANGSHENG)JIEXIALAITAYOUJIANGLETINGZHONGXINZHONGYOUERKOUZHONGWUDEGAIGECUOSHI,ZUIHOUJINGYIDADUOSHUPIAOHUOSHENG。?

SAN、ZHUTIDEJIZHONGXING?

SUOWEIZHUTIDEJIZHONG,SHIZHISUOBIAODADEYISIDANYI,BUZHIBUMAN,ZHONGDIANTUCHU。ZHEIJIUSHISHUO,ZAIBIAODAYISISHI,BIXUTUCHUYIGEZHONGDIAN,WEIRAOYIGEZHONGXIN,ERBUYAOGAODUOZHONGDIAN,DUOZHONGXIN,BUNENGQITUZAIYIPIANYANJIANGZHONGJIEJUEHESHUOMINGHENDUOWENTI。?

BIRU,ZAIYICIXIAOXUEXIAOZHANGJINGPINYANJIANGHUISHANG,YIWEIHENYOU“XIWANG”DELAOXIAOZHANGJIUYOUYUTANDETAIMIANMIANJUDAOERRANGRENCHANSHENGLEFANGAN。TAZAIJIESHAOZIJISHI,BUJINXIANGXIJIESHAOLEZIJIDABANSHENGDEJINGLI,ERQIEZAISHUOHUOJIANGQINGKUANGSHI,BAZAIMOUWANBAOZHENGWENBISAIHUOJINIANJIANGZHEIYANGDEYUJINGPINTIAOJIANWUGUANDEJIANGLIDOUSHUOSHANG,LUOLIELEBUXIAERSHIGE,SHUODETINGZHONGZHIXIAO。ZAISHUOCUOSHISHI,YOUCONGRUHEZHUAXUESHENGXUEXI、TIYU、DEYUDAORUHEKAIBANXIAOBANGONGCHANG,CONGRUHEGUANLIJIAOXUE,DAORUHEGUANXINJIAOGONGSHENGHUO,QICUOSHIJIHUSHI“QUANFANGWEI”DE。JIEGUOZAOCHENGLELIYIFENSAN,RANGRENTINGLEHAOXIANGSHENMEDOUSHUOLE,ERYOUMOBUQINGTADAODISHUOLEXIESHENME。DUIBIZHIXIA,LINGYIWEINIANQINGDENVJIAOSHI,JIUWEIRAO“RUHEBAXUEXIAOJIAOXUESHUIPINGGAOSHANGQU”ZHEIYIZHONGXINWENTIJIANG,JIANGDEYOUQINGYOULI,TOUTOUSHIDAO,JIRENMENLIUXIALESHENKEYINXIANG,SHIZIJIJINGPINCHENGGONG。YINCI,ZAIZUOJINGPINYANJIANGSHI,YIDINGYAO“LIZHUNAO”,“JIANTOUXU”,“JINGTOUGAODUJUJIAO”,ZHEIYANGCAINENGZAITINGZHONGXINZHONGRANQIGONGMINGZHIHUO。?

SI、CAILIAODESHIYONGXING?

SHIYONGXING,SHIZHISUOXUANCAILIAOJISHIFUHESHIJIDE,YOUSHIDUIZIJIJINGZHENG“YOULI”DE,YEJIUSHIWULUNJIANGZIJISUOJUBEIDETIAOJIANHAISHITANRENZHIHOUDE“GOUXIANG”,DOUYAOCONG“ZIWO”CHUFA、CONGSHIJIQINGKUANGCHUFA。JINGPINYANJIANGSHI“JINGZHENG”,DANBINGFEISHIBISAISHEINENG“CHUI”,SHEINENGYONGZUIPIZI“TIAN”REN。TINGZHONGBIANTINGNIDEYANJIANG,BIANZAI“DIANLIANG”NIDE“HUA”SHIFOUNENGZAIXIANSHIZHONGFAHUIZUOYONGQUDEXIAOGUO。BIRUZAIJIANGCUOSHISHI,NEIZHONGPINGKONGHAN“WOSHANGTAIHOURUHEJIDAJIAZHANGGONGZI,RUHEJIDAJIAJIANLOUFANG”DEYANJIANGZHE,TINGZHONGYIBANSHIBUMAIZHANGDE。ERNEIZHONGFAZIFEIFUJIANGSHIJIDECUOSHICAISHITINGZHONGZUIHUANYINGDE。?

YOUGEGONGRENZAIJINGPINYANJIANGZHONGJIUZUODAOLEZHEIYIDIAN。TASHUO:“SHUWOZHIYAN,WOWULIWEINIMENXUNSUDAILAICAIFU,TIGAONIMENDEGONGZI,ZENGJIANIMENDEJIANGJIN,WONENGZUODAODEZHINENGSHI:DIYI,CHENGKENDIQINGTINGNIMENDEHUSHENG,RECHENDICAINAHEJIANGLINIMENDEHELIJIANYI,WOZHUNBEICHENGLIYIGEYOUXINLAOGONGRENHEJISHURENYUANYIQICANJIADE‘ZHINANGTUAN’,RANGDAJIATICHUYOULIANGDEGAIGEFANGANHEKEXUEDEGUANLICUOSHI。DIER,XIANZAIZANCHANGTANHUANDEYUANYINSHIYINSHOUBUSHANGLAIJIBAIWANDEWAIQIANKUAN,WOYAOSHIDANGLECHANGZHANG,WOYIFANGMIANYAOYONGFALVJIEJUEWENTI,YIFANGMIANSHELIJIANGLIZHIDU,SHEIYAOSHINENGWANCHENGRENWU,JIUJIANGLI20%。DANGMIANDIANQING,SHUOHUASUANSHU。DISAN,MUQIANDANGWUZHIJISHIBAJIYACHANPINXIAOCHUQU。ZHEIJIUYAODIAODONGQUANCHANGGONGRENDEJIJIXING,YAOBAZHUANYETUIXIAOYUANHEYEYUDEJIEHEQILAI。ANXIAOYITICHENG。DISI,ZAIKUODAXIAOLUDETONGSHI,HAIYAOKUODASHENGCHAN,ZAIZIJINDUANQUEDEQINGKUANGXIA,WOMENYAOXIANNACHUDIANZIJINRANGGONGCHANGDEJIQIZHUANQILAI,WOXIANNACHUZHUNBEIJIERZIQUXIFUDELIANGWANYUANJINXINGJIZIRUGU。DIWUTIAO,ZAIGONGCHANGNIUKUIWEIYINGZHIQIAN,WOXIANBUNAGONGZI。YINGLIZHIHOU,WODEGONGZIHEJIANGJINYENAQUANCHANGPINGJUNSHU。WODANGCHANGZHANGZHIYOUYIGEXINYUAN,NEIJIUSHIHEQUANCHANGGONGRENMENYIQI,RANGZANMENCHANGQISIHUISHENG,NIUKUIWEIYING!RUGUO,LIANGNIANZHINEI,BUNENGSHIXIANZHEIGEMUBIAO,WOJIULIJIZIDONGXIATAI。ZUIHOU,WOHAIYAOSHUO,WOPINGSHENGZUIHENDEJIUSHITANWUFUBAI,WOYAOSHIDANGCHANGZHANG,WOBAOZHENGPENGZHEYIKEXINLAI,BUDAIBANGENCAOQU,RUGUOFAXIANWOYOUYIFENQIANBUGANJING,DAJIAKEYIBAWOJIADEQUANBUDONGXIDOUNAZOU。”(ZHANGSHENG)?

YINWEITASUOJIANGDEDOUSHIZHENCHENGDEQIESHIKEXINGDE,SUOYIGONGRENMENDOUTOULETADEPIAO。?

WU、SILUDE“CHENGXU”XING?

SILU,JIUSHIYANJIANGZHEDESIWEIMAILUO:“CHENGXU”SHIZHIYANJIANGZHONGXIANJIANGSHENMEHOUJIANGSHENMEDESHUNXU。JINGPINYANJIANGBUXIANGYIBANYANJIANGNEIME“ZIYOU”,TACHULETIMUHECHENGHUWAI,YIBANFENWEIWUBU:?

DIYIBU,KAIMENJIANSHANJIANGZIJISUOJINGPINDEZHIWUHEJINGPINDEYUANYOU。?

DIERBU,JIANJIEDIJIESHAOZIJIDEQINGKUANG:NIANLING、ZHENGZHIMIANMAO、XUELI、XIANRENZHIWUDENGYIXIEZIRANQINGKUANG。?

DISANBU,BAICHUZIJIYOUYUTARENDEJINGPINTIAOJIAN,RUZHENGZHISUZHI、YEWUSHUIPING、GONGZUONENGLIDENG

。(JIYAOYOUGAIKUODELUNSHU,YOUYAOYOU“JIANGREN”DELUNJU。BIRU,JIANGZIJIDEYEWUNENGLISHI,KEYONGYIXIEHUODEDECHENGGUOHEYEJILAIZHENGMING。)?

DISIBU,TICHUJIASHEZIJIRENZHIHOUDESHIZHENGCUOSHI。(ZHEIYIBUSHIZHONGDIAN,YINGGAIJIANGDEJUTIXIANGSHI,QIESHIKEXING。)?

DIWUBU,YONGZUIJIANJIEDEHUAYUBIAOMINGZIJIDEJUEXINHEQINGQIU。?

DANGRAN,YISHANGJIBUYEZHISHIJIANDANDEMOSHI,SHIJIANZHONGYANJIANGZHEHAIKEGENJUSHIJIXUYAOSHAOYOUBIANHUA,ERBINGFEITIANBIAOSHI。?

LIU、CUOSHIDETIAOLIXING?

YANJIANGZHEZAIJIANGCUOSHISHIYIDINGYAOZHUYITIAOLIQINGCHU,ZHUCIFENMING。BUYAOXIANGMANPOFANGYANGNEIYANG,JIANGDAONAERSUANNAER,RANGRENTINGLERUYITUANLUANMA。WEILEBACUOSHIJIANGDEYOUTIAOLI,KEYONGLIETIAODEFANGFA,RU“DIYIDIAN”“DIERDIAN”HUO“QIYI”“QIER”DENGBIAOSHI。CHUCI,ZAIMEIYI“BU”ZHIJIANYAOYONG“GUODUYU”LAICHENGSHANGQIXIA。RU,DANGZIWOJIESHAOZHIHOU,KEYISHUO:“WOZHISUOYIGANYULAIJINGPIN,SHIYINWEIWOJUBEIYIXIATIAOJIAN”LAIYINQIXIAWEN;JIANGWANTIAOJIANHOU,KEYIZAIDAYIGE“QIAO”:“YISHANGWOSHUOLEYINGPINDETIAOJIAN,NEIME,JIARUWOZHENDANGLEXIAOZHANG(HUOXIANGZHANG、CHANGZHANG),HUICAIQUSHENMECUOSHINI?XIAMIANJIUTANTANWODECHUBUSHEXIANG。”ZHEIYANGBUJINTIAOLIQINGCHU,ERQIESHIYANJIANGSHANGXIAGUANTONG,HUNRANYITI。?

QI、YUYANDE“ZHUNQUE”XING?

ZHUNQUE,YIBANSHIZHIYAOQIARUQIFENDIBIAOQINGDAYI。DANJINGPINYANJIANGZHONGDEZHUNQUECHUCIYIWAIHAIYOULINGWAILIANGCENGYISI:YISHISUOTANSHISHIHESUOYONGCAILIAO、SHUZIDOUYAO“QIUZHENQIUSHI”,ZHUNQUEWUWU,BIRU,JIESHAOJINGLISHI,SHIDAZHUANBIYESHENG,JIUBUNENGSHUOSHIDAXUEBIYE;ZAITANYEJISHI,SANCIHUOJIANG,JIUBUNENGXUSHUO“CENGDUOCIHUOJIANG。”(ZUIHAOBAZAISHENMESHIJIANSHENMEFANWEISHENMEJIANGXIANGSHUODEQINGCHUMINGBAI);RUSHEJIDAOSHUZIYEYAOJINLIANGJUTI。ERSHIYAOZHUYIFENCUN,YINWEIJINGPINYANJIANGDEJIAODUJIBENSHANGSHIYI“WO”WEIHEXIN,RUZHANGWOBUHAOFENCUN,KUADAQICI,JIUHUIRANGRENCHANSHENGNIFANXINLI,CONGERSHIZIJIDEYANJIANGSHIBAI。?

YISHANG,ZHITANLEQUBIEYUQITAYANJIANGDEBIJIAOMINGXIANDEJIDIAN。ZAIYANJIANGSHIJIANZHONG,WOMENHUIFAXIANZAIYANJIANGJIQIAOSHANGHAIYOUHENDUOXIWEIDEBUTONG,DAIWOMENYIHOUZAIZIXITANTAO。

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